Chapter 11 - Objectives

Chapter 11 - Objectives - elements in terms of the overlap...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter Objectives for Chapter 11, Petrucci, 9th ed. - Edited for Chem 1AA3. 11 Chemical Bonding II: Additional Aspects The most important objectives appear in bold font. Please note for Chapter 11 we are only considering sections 11.1-11.4, in addition to the class notes. 1. Explain the fundamental basis of valence bond theory, the meaning of the term hybridization , and explain why hybrid orbitals are often used to describe bonding in molecules rather than pure atomic orbitals. 2. Write hybridization schemes for the formation of sp , sp 2 , and sp 3 hybrid orbitals from atomic orbitals; predict the geometric shapes of molecules, or at certain atoms within molecules, in terms of the pure and hybrid orbitals used in bonding. 3. Use the relationship between VSEPR theory and valence bond theory to predict molecular geometries and bonding schemes (pictures of orbitals in a molecule). 4. Describe multiple bonds between second period elements (or higher period
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: elements) in terms of the overlap of sp , sp 2 , and sp 3 to form σ (sigma) bonds, also the overlap with hydrogen 1s orbitals to form sigma bonds, and the sidewise overlap of unhybridized p orbitals to form π (pi) bonds. 5. Describe a double bond as one sigma and one pi bond and a triple bond as one sigma and two pi bonds. Explain why a pi bond is weaker than a sigma bond. Label a carbon-carbon double bond as stronger than, but less than twice as strong as, a carbon-carbon single bond. Label a carbon-carbon triple bond as stronger than a carbon-carbon double bond, but less than three times as strong as a carbon-carbon single bond. 6. Label the hybridization of atoms and propose plausible bonding schemes from Lewis structures or from experimental information about molecules (that is, bond lengths, bond angles, geometries, and so on)....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online