Abortion - Abortion 11/15/2010 Two popular but invalid...

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Abortion 11/15/2010 Two popular but invalid arguments Argument one P1 all human fetuses are human beings P2 every human being has a right to life Conclusion therefore abortion is always morally impermissible Argument two P1 women’s equality depends upon their having access to legal abortion C therefore abortion is always morally permissible Abortion in the US 50% of all pregnancies in the US are unwanted 40% of these end in abortion 1973-2005 45 million abortions were preformed Avg. between 1.3 to 1.5 million per year 1 in every 3 women will have an abortion by the age of 45 50% of women who have an abortion are 20-24 Black women have 37% of abortions, non-Hispanic white women 34%, Hispanic 22%, others 8% 43% of women who have an abortion are protestant and 27% are Catholic Abortion rate for women below the poverty line is four times that of women living 300% above the poverty line 54% of women who have abortions used contraceptives during the month they became pregnant Reasons for abortion 75% concern for responsibility to others, can’t afford a child, baby will interfere with school or work 50% say don’t want to be single parents or haven’t issues with husband or partner When do abortions occur Less than nine weeks 61.3% 9-12 weeks 27.4% 13-12 weeks 10.2% More than 21 weeks 1.1% Trimesters First 0-12 weeks Second 13 to 23 weeks Third 23 to birth
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Morning after pill Method of contraception and not abortion Prevents ovulation or sperm from fertilizing egg Can use up to 72 hours after unprotected sex Law Griswold v. Connecticut 381 US 497 (1965) Connecticut law that prohibited married couples from using contraceptives ruled unconstitutional decided its personal matters Eisenstadt v. Daird 405 US 438 (1972) Extends Griswold to unmarried persons. Court says that the right of privacy includes the right of the individual to be free of unwarranted governmental intrusion affecting a person’s decision on a child. Roe v. Wade 410 US 113 (1973) Right of privacy spreads to woman’s decision to terminate pregnancy but that is up to state. Planned Parenthood of Pennsylvania v. Casey 505 US 833 (1992) Uphold central holding of Roe and says that it is up to a women and a woman alone. Sternberg v. Carhart 530 US 914 (2000) Nebraska’s ban on “partial birth abortion” is unconstitutional since it places a “substantial burden on the path of a woman seeking an abortion of a non-viable fetus.” Gonzales v. Carhart 550 US (2007) Upholds the “Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003” which banned any abortion in which the death of the fetus occurs when the entire fetal head or any part of the fetus is pas the navel is outside the body of the mother Embryonic development 0-48 hours fertilization occurs 2-5 days
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Abortion - Abortion 11/15/2010 Two popular but invalid...

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