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chap16_quest - CHAPTER 16 CAPITAL STRUCTURE: BASIC CONCEPTS...

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CHAPTER 16 CAPITAL STRUCTURE: BASIC CONCEPTS Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Assumptions of the Modigliani-Miller theory in a world without taxes: 1) Individuals can borrow at the same interest rate at which the firm borrows. Since investors can purchase securities on margin, an individual’s effective interest rate is probably no higher than that for a firm. Therefore, this assumption is reasonable when applying MM’s theory to the real world. If a firm were able to borrow at a rate lower than individuals, the firm’s value would increase through corporate leverage. As MM Proposition I states, this is not the case in a world with no taxes. 2) There are no taxes. In the real world, firms do pay taxes. In the presence of corporate taxes, the value of a firm is positively related to its debt level. Since interest payments are deductible, increasing debt reduces taxes and raises the value of the firm. 3) There are no costs of financial distress. In the real world, costs of financial distress
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course FINANCE 620 taught by Professor Halstead during the Spring '09 term at UMBC.

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chap16_quest - CHAPTER 16 CAPITAL STRUCTURE: BASIC CONCEPTS...

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