chap25_quest

chap25_quest - CHAPTER 25 DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING RISK...

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CHAPTER 25 DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING RISK Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Since the firm is selling futures, it wants to be able to deliver the lumber; therefore, it is a supplier. Since a decline in lumber prices would reduce the income of a lumber supplier, it has hedged its price risk by selling lumber futures. Losses in the spot market due to a fall in lumber prices are offset by gains on the short position in lumber futures. 2. Buying call options gives the firm the right to purchase pork bellies; therefore, it must be a consumer of pork bellies. While a rise in pork belly prices is bad for the consumer, this risk is offset by the gain on the call options; if pork belly prices actually decline, the consumer enjoys lower costs, while the call option expires worthless. 4. The firm is hurt by declining oil prices, so it should sell oil futures contracts. The firm may not be able to create a perfect hedge because the quantity of oil it needs to hedge doesn’t match the standard contract size on crude oil futures, or perhaps the exact settlement date the company requires isn’t available on these futures. Also, the firm may produce a different grade of crude oil than that specified for delivery in the futures contract. 5. The firm is directly exposed to fluctuations in the price of natural gas since it is a natural gas user. In addition, the firm is indirectly exposed to fluctuations in the price of oil. If oil
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chap25_quest - CHAPTER 25 DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING RISK...

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