Useful Data_for_MidTerm

Useful Data_for_MidTerm - monoxide Acids Anion has Oxygen...

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Some useful formulas and constants: 1 L = 10 3 mL d = m/v t c = 5/9(T F – 32) t F = t c x 9/5 + 32 T K = t c + 273.15 Avogadro’s number: 6.022 x 10 23 Moles = grams / Molar Mass M = moles of solute/ litres of solution M final V final = M initial V initial Physical states of elements: Hydrogen: H 2 gas Nitrogen: N 2 gas Oxygen: O 2 gas Fluorine: F 2 gas Chlorine: Cl 2 gas Bromine: Br 2 liquid Iodine: I 2 solid Phosphorus: P 4 solid Sulfur: S 8 solid Mercury: Hg liquid Noble gases: mono-atomic gases All other elements in the periodic table: mono-atomic solids
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Metal Present ? YES NO Type I metal (Group 1A except H, Group 2A, Al, Ag, Zn, Cd) Type II metal Name of Cation & Anion. Ex. NaCl Sodium Chloride, Ca (NO 3 ) 2 calcium nitrate Determine cation charge using principle of charge balance. Include Roman numeral in the cation name indicating the charge ex. FeCl 3 , Iron (III) chloride FeSO 4 , Iron(II) sulfate H + ion present when dissolved in water? NO YES Covalent (Type III) use prefixes Ex. NO, nitrogen
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Unformatted text preview: monoxide Acids Anion has Oxygen? Ionic NO YES Binary acids, CN- Hydro (anion root) ic acid Ex. HCl, hydrochloric acid Oxyacids Anion ends in – ate (root) ic acid Ex. H 2 SO 4 , sulfuric acid Anion ends in –ite (root) ous acid Ex. H 2 SO 3 , sulfurous acid Flow Chart for Naming Compounds (except ammonium ion compounds) Common polyatomic ions Ion Name Ion Name Hg 2 2+ mercury (I) CO 3 2-carbonate NH 4 + ammonium HCO 3-hydrogen carbonate NO 3-Nitrate ClO 4-perchlorate NO 2-Nitrite ClO 3-chlorate SO 4 2-Sulfate ClO 2-chlorite SO 3 2-Sulfite ClO-hypochlorite HSO 4-hydrogen sulfate (also bisulfate) C 2 H 3 O 2-acetate OH-hydroxide CrO 4 2-chromate PO 4 3-phosphate Cr 2 O 7 2-dichromate HPO 4 2-hydrogen phosphate NCS-thyocyanate H 2 PO 4-dihydrogen phosphate O 2 2-peroxide CN-cyanide C 2 O 4 2-oxalate MnO 4-permanganate...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course CH 1010 taught by Professor Kumar during the Spring '06 term at WPI.

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Useful Data_for_MidTerm - monoxide Acids Anion has Oxygen...

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