2 - Minority Populations and Health Chapter 2: Conceptual...

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1 Minority Populations and Health Chapter 2: Conceptual Issues in Race/Ethnicity and Health Learning Objectives • an overview of the origins of the race concept. • an overview of the conceptual problems associated with racial/ethnic categories. • official definitions of race. Students will be exposed to: Origins of the race concept.
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2 The disputed origin of race • Francois Bernier, 1684 “ A new division of the earth, according to the different species or races of man who inhabit it” • George-Louis Leclere Buffon, 1778 • Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, 1775 – Five-fold classification: Caucasian or white, Mongolian or yellow, Malayan or brown, Negro or black, and American or red Critique of the race concept. Critique of the race concept • Ashley Montagu, 1942 “Man’s most dangerous myth: The fallacy of race” • By 1970 most scientists believed there was no biological relevance to race • Social scientists argue that race has significant social, economic and political relevance
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3 Critique of the race concept • Race is not clearly defined • There is no consensus definition • Race is often confounded with other related concepts: ethnicity and nationality • Race has little support from biological and/or genetic scientists Inconsistency of race conceptualization. U.S Policy for Assigning Racial Status on Birth Certificates prior to 1989 Japanese Japanese Japanese Japanese Black Japanese Japanese White Japanese Black Japanese Black Black Black Black Black White Black Japanese Japanese White Black Black White White White White Child Mother Father
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4 Race in the U.S. before 1989 • “One-drop rule” • Race of father determined race of child • Exception was whites, had to have two white parents • One drop of non-white blood resulted in non-white child Race in the U.S. before 1989 • “One-drop rule” codified into law in Virginia “Racial Integrity Act of 1924” • In Loving v. Virginia, 1967 the U.S. Supreme Court declared Virginia anti- miscegenation statute unconstitutional • 1989, U.S. National Center for Health Statistics changed birth certificate policy, race of mother determines race of child, no exceptions Japan Policy for Assigning Racial Status on Birth Certificates prior to 1985 Japanese Black Japanese Japanese White Japanese Black Japanese Black White Japanese White Child Mother Father
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course HLTH 236 taught by Professor Toone during the Summer '08 term at Texas A&M.

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2 - Minority Populations and Health Chapter 2: Conceptual...

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