sociology pages out of book

sociology pages out of book - Sociology 1 Sociology...

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Sociology 1 Sociology Sociology is the study of society. [1] It is a social science a term with which it is sometimes synonymous which uses various methods of empirical investigation [2] and critical analysis [3] to develop and refine a body of knowledge about human social activity, often with the goal of applying such knowledge to the pursuit of social welfare. Subject matter ranges from the micro level of agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structures. [4] Sociology is both topically and methodologically a very broad discipline. Its traditional focuses have included social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, law, and deviance. As all spheres of human activity are sculpted by social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as medicine, military and penal institutions, the Internet, and even the role of social activity in the development of scientific knowledge. The range of social scientific methods has also broadly expanded. Social researchers draw upon a variety of qualitative and quantitative techniques. The linguistic and cultural turns of the mid-twentieth century led to increasingly interpretative, hermeneutic, and philosophic approaches to the analysis of society. Conversely, recent decades have seen the rise of new analytically, mathematically and computationally rigorous techniques, such as agent-based modelling and social network analysis. [5] [6] History Origins Auguste Comte Sociological reasoning predates the foundation of the discipline. Social analysis has origins in the common stock of Western knowledge and philosophy, and has been carried out from at least as early as the time of Plato. The origin of the survey can be traced back at least early as the Domesday Book in 1086, [7] [8] whilst ancient philosophers such as Confucius wrote on the importance of social roles. There is evidence of early sociology in medieval Islam. Some regard the first sociologist to be Ibn Khaldun; a 14th century Arab Islamic scholar from North Africa, whose Muqaddimah was the first work to advance social-scientific theories of social cohesion and social conflict. [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] The word sociology (or "sociologie" ) is derived from the Latin: socius , "companion"; -ology , "the study of", and Greek λόγος, lógos , "word", "knowledge". It was first coined in 1780 by the French essayist Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès (1748 1836) in an unpublished manuscript. [15] Sociology was later defined independently by the French philosopher of science, Auguste Comte (1798 1857), in 1838. [16] Comte had earlier used the term "social physics", but that had subsequently been appropriated by others, most notably the Belgian statistician Adolphe Quetelet. Comte endeavoured to unify history, psychology and economics through the scientific understanding of the social realm. Writing shortly after the malaise of the French Revolution, he proposed that social ills could be remedied through
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sociology pages out of book - Sociology 1 Sociology...

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