poli201_lec2(constructing a govt)

poli201_lec2(constructing a govt) - POLI 201 / Chapter 2...

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POLI 201 / Chapter 2 Professor Finocchiaro 1 CHAPTER 2 Constructing a Government: The Founding and the Constitution POLI 201: American National Government Political Interests and Political Ideas: A Reciprocal Relationship “Where you stand depends on where you sit.” In other words: People tend to construct ideas and ideologies around their individual interests. Ideas, Interests, and the Principles of Politics Collective-Action Principle: All politics is collective action. Institution Principle: Institutions routinely solve collective action problems. 1. Ideas allow for the recognition and communication of common interests. 2. Institutions can be formed around common ideas to ameliorate collective action problems.
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POLI 201 / Chapter 2 Professor Finocchiaro 2 The absence of strong The absence of strong institutions to express common interests and overcome collective action problems can allow, and even promote, increased conflict. Organizing for Collective Action: The American Revolution Whereas views of the American Revolution often exaggerate the unity of exaggerate the unity of Americans, distinct elements in colonial society had different ideas and views about independence from the British. Revolutionary Tory Neutral Uncommitted 33% 33% 33% Colonists were deeply divided on the question of Independence. A good rule of thumb is that one-third were revolutionaries, one-third were neutral, and the last third were Tories, loyal to the British.
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POLI 201 / Chapter 2 Professor Finocchiaro 3 Colonial American society can be broken down into five COLONIAL INTERESTS New England merchants distinct elements, each having its own interests and ideas regarding independence. 1. 2. Southern planters 3. Royalists (Tories) 4. Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers 5. Small farmers The Rationality Principle : All political behavior has a purpose. Actors make purpose. Actors make instrumental choices about how to act. Those Americans who
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poli201_lec2(constructing a govt) - POLI 201 / Chapter 2...

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