Present subjunctive- Cap 8 and Cap 9

Present subjunctive- Cap 8 and Cap 9 - The Subjunctive In...

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The Subjunctive The Subjunctive In this slide show, we are going to look at a verb form that has all but disappeared from English – the subjunctive!
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A few examples A few examples I want you to give me $5. Tom would like us to arrive before 5:00 am. I order you to stop! In these three examples, one person is trying to get another person to perform an action.
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I want you to give me $5. I want you to give me $5. One person (I) wants another person (you) to do something (give $5). However, there is no guarantee that you will give me $5 just because I want you to.
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Tom would like us to arrive before 5:00 am Tom would like us to arrive before 5:00 am . Likewise, one person (Tom) wants someone else (us) to do something (arrive before 5:00 am). There is no guarantee that we will do so just because Tom would like that.
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I order you to stop! I order you to stop! This sentence is more forceful: one person (I) is telling another person (you) to do something (stop). Again, we don’t know if you will stop despite the admonition.
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The subjunctive The subjunctive In Spanish, we use a special verb form to show that the completion of these actions – give, arrive, stop – may or may not occur. This form is called the subjunctive (like the word “subjective” – influenced by opinions).
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Examples in Spanish Examples in Spanish I want you to give me $5 >> Quiero que me des $5. Tom would like us to arrive before 5:00 am >> Tom quiere que lleguemos antes de las 5:00. I order you to stop >> Te mando que pares .
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Look familiar?? Look familiar?? des, lleguemos, pares des << dé lleguemos << llegue pares << pare These are very similar to the formal command forms we studied previously (including the irregulars, such as dar >> dé). They merely have added familiar endings, such as – mos for nosotros and – s for tú.
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Verb forms Verb forms What about the other subjunctive forms? dar llegar parar llegue pare des llegues pares llegue pare demos lleguemos paremos den lleguen paren
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Hey, that’s not so hard! Hey, that’s not so hard!
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SPAN 122 taught by Professor Brower during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.

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Present subjunctive- Cap 8 and Cap 9 - The Subjunctive In...

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