Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3 Speaking Freely and Ethically
Professor Krueger What is "ethics?" Beliefs, values, and moral principles by which people determine what is right and wrong. Can be based on the environment: cultural norms, professional standards or individual beliefs. Since "free speech" is protected by law, speakers must learn how to balance the right to speak freely with the responsibility to speak ethically. What makes an ethical speaker? Consenus definition: One who has a clear, responsible goal; uses sound evidence and reasoning; is sensitive to and tolerant of differences; is honest; and avoids plagiarim. A clear, responsible goal 1st Goal Public Speaking: BE CLEAR General Rule: Do not keep a secret agenda. Need to express your purpose. Inform or persuade = ethical Coerce or manipulate = unethical Uses Sound Evidence and Reasoning Ethical speakers use analysis and evaluation skills to draw conclusions and formulate arguments. Some speakers will unethically step around using sound evidence and reasoning in order to make their arguments seem stronger or more challenging to others. It is in your best interest to present all information that might help your audience reach a decision. This includes evidence that goes against your case. Be Sensitive to and Tolerant of Differences Need to become aware other's feelings, needs, interests, and backgrounds. A willingness to listen to opposing viewpoints and learn about different beliefs and values will communicate respect. Also helps you learn about different audiences and help you refine your speech for if/when you make a similar one. Be Honest False or misleading information to an audience is an ethical violation. An exception to this truism: Use hypothetical illustrations. MAKE SURE YOU USE RATIONAL ILLUSTRATIONS THAT FOLLOW SOME SORT OF LOGIC OR FACTUAL EVIDENCE. Always give credit for ideas and information that are not your own. Do Not Plagiarize Do Your Own Work Acknowledge Your Sources Direct Quotes Opinions or ideas of others Compelling phrases (plagiaphrasing) Stats Nonoriginal visual materials (graphs, tables, images) ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course COMM 100 taught by Professor H during the Fall '08 term at George Mason.
- Fall '08