Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Developing Your Speech Professor Krueger Things to Remember You are not preparing a speech but rather a MESSAGE for the

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6 Developing Your Speech Professor Krueger Things to Remember You are not preparing a speech, but rather a MESSAGE for the audience. Always keep the audience as your center of focus. What are their interests? What are their goals? Why are they there? Steps in preparing a speech: Select and narrow your topic Determine your purpose Develop your central idea Generate your main ideas I. Select and Narrow Your Topic Consider Your Audience Tailor your speech to each specific audience What interests and needs do the members of the audience have in common? Why did they ask me to speak? Have respect for the knowledge that your listeners have about the subject. Choose topics that are important topics to both yourself and your audience. Consider the Audience To be successful, a topic must be appropriate to both audience and occasion. The best public-speaking topics are also those that reflect your personal experience or especially interest you. Consider Yourself Where to find topics ideas Brainstorming Listening and Reading for Topics Ideas Scanning the Internet Narrowing Choices Narrow it so that it fits within the time limits Do not narrow your topic so much that you cannot find enough information to fill the time. II. Determine Your Purpose What is the general purpose? To persuade use the information to try to change or reinforce and audience's attitudes, beliefs, values, or behaviors. Most of the time, speech calls on some sort of action. To inform- share information with listeners by defining, describing, or explaining a thing, person, place, concept, or function. To entertain to help listeners have a good time by getting them to relax, smile, and laugh Some inform while entertaining What is the Specific Purpose? Behavioral objective wording of a specific purpose in terms of desired audience behavior What do you want your audience to be able to do at the end of your speech? When determining your specific purpose, focus on the words, "At the end of my speech, the audience will..." rather than, "In my speech, I will talk about..." If material is related to your topic, but not your purpose, then it should be discarded or replaced with material that directly advances your purpose. III. Develop Your Central Idea Central Idea (the thesis) is restates the speech topic. It focuses on the content of the speech. Should be a complete declarative sentence. Ex: Enough sleep after a workout will enhance the workout's results. Ex: Legislative action, not individual action, is what will really combat global warming. IV. Generate and Preview Your Main Ideas Does the central idea have logical divisions? Can you think of several reasons the central idea is true? Can you support your central idea with a series of steps or a chronological progression? ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course COMM 100 taught by Professor H during the Fall '08 term at George Mason.

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