Unformatted text preview: Chapter 10 Introducing and Concluding Your Speech
Example 1 Example 2 Pet peeves identified by public speaking professors in a recent study: Beginning a speech with "OK, ah...." Apologizing or making excuses at the beginning of the speech for not being prepared Beginning a speech with "Hello, my speech is on..." Saying "In conclusion..." Ending a speech with "Thank you" Ending a speech with "Are there any questions?" Apologizing for expressing an opinion Pet Peeves of Professor Krueger during a speech Saying "So, that is what I chose for my speech" at the end of your speech Introducing your assignment: "I did my concept on..." "I did my statistic on..." "I did my analogy on..." "I chose for my use of technology topic" Myth
Write your introduction first. What you really want to do is write the body first and then the introduction and conclusion. Purposes of Introductions Get the audience's attention Introduce the subject Give the audience a reason to listen Establish your credibility Preview your main ideas With an introduction, you want to... Convince your audience to listen to you. Convince the audience that you have Send the message that you are prepared. credibility on the subject matter. Get the Audience's Attention Purpose: Gain favorable attention for your speech Reason: Listeners form their first impressions of the speech quickly Use "favorable" attention getter Be creative in your speech introductions, but use common sense in deciding how best to gain favorable attention of your audience Give Audience a Reason to Listen Purpose: After get audience attention, you have to give them a reason to want to listen to the rest of your speech Reason: An unmotivated listener quickly tunes out Use "proximity" to help keep audience members tuned in. Explain the degree to which the information affects your listeners directly Introduce your Subject Purpose: Gives the audience an idea of what your are going to talk about Reason: Audience gets frustrated when they have to wait until halfway through your speech to figure out what you are talking about Include a statement of your central idea in the introduction Establish your Credibility Purpose: So the audience believes that the speaker is a credible authority and a competent speaker on the subject Reason: Audience members want to know WHY they should listen to a speaker If you seem to have confidence in yourself, your audience will have confidence in you Tell the audience of your personal experience with your topic Preview your Main Ideas Purpose: Allows your listeners to anticipate the main ideas of your speech Reason: So they remember those ideas after the speech Tell your audience what you are going to tell them Effective Introductions
1. Illustrations or Anecdotes Use of a story to capture attention 2. Startling Facts of Statistics 3. Quotations Do not overuse 4. Humor Can help relax your audience 5. Questions Often combined with another method for the introduction 6. Reference to Historical Events 7. Reference to Recent Events 8. Personal Reference 9. Reference to the Occasion 10. Reference to Preceding Speeches Purpose of Conclusions Leaves a final impression with the audience Write your conclusion first Purposes of Effective Conclusions: 1. Summarize the Speech 2. Provide closure Summarize the Speech Reemphasize the Central Idea in a Memorable Way Restate the Main Ideas Providing Closure Use Verbal or Nonverbal Cues to Signal the End of the Speech Motivate the Audience to Respond Effective Conclusions Same methods used for Introductions Reference to the Introduction Inspirational Appeals or Challenges ...
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- Fall '08
- Psychology, Professor Krueger