PDF Southeast asia

PDF Southeast asia - Chapter 10 Southeast Asia I. THE...

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Chapter 10 Southeast Asia
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I. THE GEOGRAPHIC SETTING Many place names are changing Away from colonially-inspired names Here we use new names Exception: Burma Military dictatorship calls it Myanmar Population still prefers Burma
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Map of Southeast Asia Figure 10.1
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Sundaland – 18,000 years ago
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A. Physical Patterns Landforms Region of peninsulas and islands Two main peninsulas: Indochina and Malay Similar to South Asia, formed by tectonic stress of Indian sub-continent hitting Eurasia Mountainous with gorges carved by rivers Major rivers: Irrawaddy, Salween, Chao Phraya, Mekong, Black, and Red
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A. Physical Patterns Landforms Volcanic archipelagos Sumatra, Java, and New Guinea Philippines Dangerous volcanic and tectonic action Tsunami 2004: 230,000 dead Creates new land Sundaland: now-submerged continental shelf Allowed animals, people to cross to islands
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Tsunami Damage in Banda Aceh
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Sundaland 18,000 Years Ago Figure 10.5
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A. Physical Patterns Climate Tropical wet, mostly Rain comes two ways: Monsoons and ITCZ El Niño can cause drought every 2-7 years Tropical soils are productive when undisturbed Once cleared, not enough detritus to remain fertile
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Climates of Southeast Asia Figure 10.6
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Climate -- Check the ITCZ
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El Nino Periodic El Nino events and drought in SEA Cooling ocean temperatures Vs Normal conditions
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B. Human Patterns Over Time Peopling of Southeast Asia 40,000-60,000 years ago: Australo-Melanesians Hunter-gatherers; can still be found in uplands 10,000 years ago: Austronesians Farmers and sea-farers Cultural Influences Influences from the sea Islam from the Mughals, Buddhism from China
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B. Human Patterns Over Time Colonization Portuguese: Colonized Timor-Leste Spanish: Colonized the Philippines Dutch: Colonized Indonesia; highly economically successful French: Colonized Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos British: Colonized Burma Only independent country: Siam/Thailand
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European and U.S. Colonies in Southeast Asia Figure 10.8
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B. Human Patterns Over Time
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PDF Southeast asia - Chapter 10 Southeast Asia I. THE...

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