Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa - CHAPTER SEVEN Sub Saharan Africa April...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER SEVEN Sub-Saharan  Africa April 6,  2009 CHAPTER OVERVIEW This  chapter  introduces  a  complex  region  riddled  with  poverty,  economic  crises,   resource   scarcity,  and  political  and  ethnic   conflict.  More  than  500  years  ago,   Europeans   began   colonizing   sub- Saharan   Africa,   affecting   culture,   society,   agriculture,   industry,   and   human   well-being.   Although   colonization   has   officially   ended,   the   deep   influence   of   colonization   poses   many   difficult   challenges  for the  future.  Despite  all  these  problems,  there  is  also  the  promise   of future  solutions. Although   the  population   is   distributed  unevenly   and   sparse   in   relation   to   the   land   area,   it   is   growing   rapidly.   Population   pressures   and   disease   are   obstacles  to raising  the  extremely  low standards  of living  in this  region;  people’s   basic  human  needs  often  are  not  met.  The  greatest  public  health  concern  is the   HIV-AIDS   epidemic,   which   threatens   to   affect   population   growth   and   life  expectancy  across  the  region. Economically,  sub- Saharan  Africa  is in crisis.  It is still primarily  an  exporter   of agricultural  products  and  raw  materials,  both  with  low and  unstable  prices  –  this   role   is   a   legacy   of   colonization.   Political   instability   has   added   to   this   economic  crisis;  the  region  is plagued  by decades  of dictatorships,  ethnic  strife,   corruption,  and  elite  dominance. In   addition   to   profound   poverty   and   economic   and   political   troubles,   the   harsh   and   fragile   environment   of   this   region   makes   it   difficult   to   raise   standards  of living.  Soils  are  poorly suited  for cultivation  and  water  is scarce,  so   agriculture   is   difficult   to   sustain.   Alternatives   have   changed   ecological   relationships,  promoting  desertification,  reducing  forest  resources,  diminishing   wildlife, and  rapidly  reducing  clean  water  supplies. This  region  is facing  many  challenges,  and  the  role  of Africans  themselves  is   increasing  in defining  problems  and  designing  solutions.  This  is a major  step  for  a  continent  that  for hundreds  of years  has  been  under  direct  as  well as  indirect   control  by other  countries. I. THE GEOGRAPHIC SETTING A. Physical  Patterns Landforms The  African  continent  continues  to break  its  connection  to the  Arabian  Plate   at  the  Red  Sea. Africa’s   landforms   are   exceptionally   uniform   because   it   has   been   rather  
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 9

Sub-Saharan Africa - CHAPTER SEVEN Sub Saharan Africa April...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online