Ch 2 Welfare - 1/20/2009 1 Programs, resources, and...

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1/20/2009 1 1 y Programs, resources, and services available to persons in need y Arise from a set of laws and policies established federally, state wide, locally, and by the court system y Developed in response to large scale public need 2 y Often perceived negatively as something given to poor people, who may or may not take advantage of the system. y This perception does not take into account the vast array of programs and services provided to and available to everybody such as Social Security.
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1/20/2009 2 y No formal organization – fragmented and often difficult to understand y Includes organizations and agencies, both private and public. 4 y Public providers can be at various levels of government, and are funded by taxpayer dollars y Private agencies can be for profit or non profit, and often work together with or under contract to governmental agencies y Religious organizations also have a long history with the provision of social services. 5 y The social welfare system helps people preventively before there is a ± preventively, before there is a problem, and ± responsively, when a problem is already present. 6
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1/20/2009 3 y Institutional : ± In place to prevent problems. ± Proactive ± Available to all, regardless of need. y Examples: Social Security, tax benefits (exemptions for children), and Public Education 7 y Residual : ± Designed to address already identified problems. ± Reactive ± Only available to those in need y Most social welfare programs in the US are residual y Examples: TANF and Food Stamps 8 y American social welfare history can be divided into eight periods. y Each is noteworthy for its social welfare policy response, and specific values reflecting the period. 9
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1/20/2009 4 y Time Period : Colonial Period y (1690 1800) y Social Welfare Response : y Elizabethan Poor Laws y Values : Individualism, the individual is responsible for his or her condition and individual effort is highly valued. Abundant, limitless natural resources–can achieve anything with hard work. 10 y Time Period :P r e Civil War Period y (1801 1860) y Social Welfare Response : Residential Institutions y y Values : Placing similar people with similar problems together. Efficient and allows sharing of resources. Purpose was to rehabilitate–set an example of how to live properly.
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Ch 2 Welfare - 1/20/2009 1 Programs, resources, and...

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