Ch 5 Handouts

Ch 5 Handouts - 3/31/2009 Introduction to Social Work...

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3/31/2009 1 Working with Diverse Population Introduction to Social Work Becoming a Change Agent Working with Diverse Populations 1 y Every person is a member of multiple social groups . A social group is a "group of people who share a range of physical, cultural, or social characteristics within on of the categories of 2 social identity." (Griffin, 1997, p.70) Social group memberships affect people's values, worldviews, attitudes, behaviors and experiences. y People vary by numerous characteristics including gender, race, ethnicity, religion, ability, sexual orientation, social class, age, and national origin. Individuals usually consider certain 3 characteristics to be more significant than others in their day-to-day living.
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3/31/2009 2 Membership groups and social identity are important considerations when working with people. Social workers need to consider their own social identities, and how those they work with are 4 influenced by their social identities. Social Construction of Differences y Social Construction takes place when the people who have power in society define a group's characteristics and determine the group's value. Their perceptions of their own and other 5 social groups are accepted by the larger society. y Americans often think of social group differences as facts of nature, when in reality, they are basically constructed by society based on culture, rather than biology. 6
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3/31/2009 3 Diversity in the United States y Americans vary according to gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, physical ability, religious affiliation, ideological beliefs, political affinities, mental and developmental abilities, 7 national origins, and social ranks. There is no one "typical American." Diversity in the United States y More than 275 million people resided in the United States in 2000. That number is projected to grow by almost 50% by 2050. While over 80% of the current U.S. population is categorized 8 as white or Anglo, much of the projected population growth is expected to be among people of color. Diversity in the United States y Fifty years from now it is projected that less than 75% of the population will be categorized as white. The portion of the population that is Latino is expected to double over the next 50 9 years, and the Asian American/Pacific Islander population is expected to triple.
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3/31/2009 4 Diversity in the United States y Age is another characteristic that is shifting dramatically in the U.S. Today, only 6% of the population is 75 or older. In 50 years the proportion will almost double to over 11%. 10 Historical Background y Exploration and Colonization - Americans are proud that the U.S. came about through the courage and persistence of explorers, including Columbus who is credited with "discovering" America. The land that is now the U.S. was home to many nations before Columbus
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCW 200 taught by Professor Brethwaite during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Ch 5 Handouts - 3/31/2009 Introduction to Social Work...

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