Ch 11 Handouts

Ch 11 Handouts - 3/15/2009 Introduction to Social Work...

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3/15/2009 1 CRIMINAL 1 Introduction to Social Work Becoming a Change Agent JUSTICE 2 y The primary goals of the criminal justice system are to maintain public safety and punish lawbreakers by confining or controlling them. y The challenge for social workers is to balance the systems need to control and punish with efforts to rehabilitate prisoners in a system that does not promote treatment as a primary goal. y 2008 – 2.3 million criminals behind bars in jails and prisons (1 in every 100 American adults, more than any other nation) y Russia was next with 627 prisoners/100,000 y China – 4x the pop of the US, only 1.6 million prisoners y Despite the decline in murder in the US between 2003 and 2007, we still have 4x the murder rate of W. European countries.
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3/15/2009 2 Crime and Criminal Behavior The Extent of Crime in the United States 4 y Over 26 million violent crimes and property offenses were reported in 2001. y However, between 1994 and 2000, overall crime rates dropped. y Experts generally attribute the decline to an aging population, and a strong economy during the late 1990s. Crime and Criminal Behavior The Extent of Crime in the United States 5 y In 2003 a violent crime was committed every 6 seconds, someone was murdered every 32 minutes, and a woman was sexually assaulted every 2 minutes. y A child was abused every 45 seconds and someone’s identity was stolen every 15 minutes. y Cho Seung Hui murdered 32 fellow students at VT and then killed himself in 2007. y Every day in the USA, 8 children and teenagers are killed by guns – the equivalent of a VT massacre killed by guns the equivalent of a VT massacre about every 4 days y Since RFK and MLK were murdered in 1968, well over 1 million Americans have been killed by firearms – more than the combined US combat deaths in all wars in American history
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3/15/2009 3 Crime and Criminal Behavior Theories of Criminal Behavior 7 Individualistic Theories: y Individualistic theories of crime tend to be the most popular. y Criminals are not viewed as societal victims, rather as individuals responsible for their behaviors and must be punished. Crime and Criminal Behavior Theories of Criminal Behavior 8 Sociological Theories: y Sociological theories of crime hold individuals accountable, but also suggest society and prison environments need to change. y Structural problems such as poverty, inequality, and institutionalized racism, rather than personal, psychological, or biological problems, are viewed as the root causes of criminal behavior. Crime and Criminal Behavior Theories of Criminal Behavior 9 Theories and Social Work: y The person-in-environment and systems theory frameworks require social workers to consider both individual and sociological theories of crime. y
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCW 200 taught by Professor Brethwaite during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Ch 11 Handouts - 3/15/2009 Introduction to Social Work...

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