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Chapter3 powerpoint - M odes of I ntervention 1 Social...

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Modes of Intervention 1
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Social workers use many approaches that may be very general and basic or highly specialized. BSW students are trained as generalist social workers Most specialized interventions require training at the MSW level or even beyond. It is important for the social worker to learn to assess what services are needed and appropriate, what can be provided by the assessing social worker, or what should be referred for further specialized interventions. 2
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Generalist Social Work Practice Involvement by social workers in a wide range of social service systems is referred to as a generalist approach. The generalist social work practitioner possesses a broad range of training and uses his or her skills to guide and coordinate services for clients. 3
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Generalist Social Work Practice Within the generalist framework social workers can do micro or macro practice. Micro Practice - social workers help individuals, families and small groups function better within the larger environment. Macro Practice - social workers work to change the larger environment in ways that benefit individuals, families, and communities. 4
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Differentiating between Micro and Macro Practice While it is important to differentiate between the two types of practice in order to understand the concept, the lines between the two types of practice are often blurred. Effective social workers are able to use both types of interventions to address the concerns of their clients. 5
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Social Work with Individuals and Families - Assessment All social work practice begins with some type of assessment. Assessment can be defined as determining what the presenting concerns are, who is involved, details of the person's environment, and personal history and background. 6
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Social Work with Individuals and Families - Assessment The social worker gathers data from the client and from the systems that affect the client. Skills needed include conducting effective interviews, engaging the client in the process, and analyzing the information gathered. 7
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Social Work with Individuals and Families - Interventions Information & Referral (I & R) The goal of I & R is to enhance a client's access to service by improving awareness and knowledge of services and reducing barriers to them. Skills needed include knowledge of the breadth of services available, advocacy, and ability to assess problems and needs. 8
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Social Work with Individuals and Families - Interventions Network Linkages People often receive services from multiple social service systems. The social worker can act as the link between the systems. Social workers are trained to work in and with multiple systems. This training helps them ensure that there is neither duplication of services nor a gap in services.
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