Chapter 2 Welfare

Chapter 2 Welfare - 1 rograms, resources, and services...

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rograms, resources, and services available to persons in need rise from a set of laws and policies established federally, state-wide, locally, and by the court system eveloped in response to large-scale public 2
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ften perceived negatively as something given to poor people, who may or may not take advantage of the system. his perception does not take into account the vast array of programs and services provided to and available to everybody such as Social Security.
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o formal organization – fragmented and often difficult to understand ncludes organizations and agencies, both private and public. 4
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ublic providers can be at various levels of government, and are funded by taxpayer dollars rivate agencies can be for profit or non-profit, and often work together with or under contract to governmental agencies eligious organizations also have a long history with the provision of social services. 5
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he social welfare system helps people preventively, before there is a problem, and responsively, when a problem is already present. 6
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nstitutional : In place to prevent problems. Proactive Available to all, regardless of need. xamples: Social Security, tax benefits (exemptions for children), and Public 7
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esidual : Designed to address already identified problems. Reactive Only available to those in need ost social welfare programs in the US are residual 8
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merican social welfare history can be divided into eight periods. ach is noteworthy for its social welfare policy response, and specific values reflecting the period. 9
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ime Period : Colonial Period (1690-1800) ocial Welfare Response : Elizabethan Poor Laws 10
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ime Period : Pre-Civil War Period (1801-1860) ocial Welfare Response : Residential Institutions 11
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ime Period : Civil War/Postwar Period (1861-1874) ocial Welfare Response : First Federal Intervention 12
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ime Period : Progressive Era (1875- 1925) ocial Welfare Response : Birth of Social Work Profession alues : Importance of environmental or 13
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ime Period : Great Depression/New Deal (1926-1940) ocial Welfare Response : Social Insurance & Public Assistance 14
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCW 200 taught by Professor Brethwaite during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Chapter 2 Welfare - 1 rograms, resources, and services...

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