Chapter 5 Diversity

Chapter 5 Diversity - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/14/11 Wor king with Diver se Populations 1 1 I ntroduction to Social Work Becoming a Change Agent 2/14/11 2 2 Every person is a member of multiple social gr oups . A social group is a "group of people who share a range of physical, cultural, or social characteristics within on of the categories of social identity." (Griffin, 1997, p.70) Social group memberships affect people's values, worldviews, attitudes, 2/14/11 3 3 People vary by numerous characteristics including gender, race, ethnicity, religion, ability, sexual orientation, social class, age, and national origin. Individuals usually consider certain characteristics to be more significant than others in their day- to-day living. 2/14/11 4 4 Membership groups and social identity are important considerations when working with people. Social workers need to consider their own social identities, and how those they work with are influenced by their social identities. 2/14/11 Social Constr uction of 5 5 Social Constr uction takes place when the people who have power in society define a group's characteristics and determine the group's value. Their perceptions of their own and other social groups are accepted by the larger society . 2/14/11 6 6 Americans often think of social group differences as facts of nature, when in reality, they are basically constructed by society based on culture, rather than biology. 2/14/11 Diver sity in the United 7 7 Americans vary according to gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, physical ability, religious affiliation, ideological beliefs, political affinities, mental and developmental abilities, national origins, and social ranks. There is no one "typical American." 2/14/11 Diver sity in the United 8 8 More than 275 million people resided in the United States in 2000. That number is projected to grow by almost 50% by 2050. While over 80% of the current U.S. population is categorized as white or Anglo, much of the projected population growth is expected to be among people of color. 2/14/11 Diver sity in the United 9 Fifty years from now it is projected that less than 75% of the population will be categorized as white. The portion of the population that is Latino is expected to double over the next 50 years, and the Asian American/Pacific Islander population is expected to triple. 2/14/11 Diver sity in the United 10 10 Age is another characteristic that is shifting dramatically in the U.S. Today, only 6% of the population is 75 or older. In 50 years the proportion will almost double to over 11%. 2/14/11 H istor ical Backgr ound 11 11 Exploration and Colonization- Americans are proud that the U.S. came about through the courage and persistence of explorers, including Columbus who is credited with "discovering" America. The land that is now the U.S. was home to many nations before Columbus "discovered" it. The colonization of these First Nations people was supported by the U.S. and state governments, which allowed and encouraged forcing the Indigenous 2/14/11...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCW 200 taught by Professor Brethwaite during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Chapter 5 Diversity - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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