Chapter 11 Criminal Justice

Chapter 11 Criminal Justice - Introduction to Social Work...

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE 1 Introduction to Social Work Becoming a Change Agent
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2 The primary goals of the criminal justice system are  to maintain public safety and punish lawbreakers by  confining or controlling them.   The challenge for social workers is to balance the  systems need to control and punish with efforts to  rehabilitate prisoners in a system that does not  promote treatment as a primary goal.   
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2008 – 2.3 million criminals behind bars in jails and  prisons (1 in every 100 American adults, more than  any other nation) Russia was next with 627 prisoners/100,000 China – 4x the pop of the US, only 1.6 million  prisoners Despite the decline in murder in the US between  2003 and 2007, we still have 4x the murder rate of  W. European countries.
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Crime and Criminal Behavior The Extent of Crime in the United States 4 Over 26 million violent crimes and property offenses  were reported in 2001.   However, between 1994 and 2000, overall crime  rates dropped.   Experts generally attribute the decline to an aging  population, and a strong economy during the late  1990s.
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Crime and Criminal Behavior The Extent of Crime in the United States 5 In 2003 a violent crime was committed every 6  seconds, someone was murdered every 32 minutes,  and a woman was sexually assaulted every 2  minutes.   A child was abused every 45 seconds and someone’s  identity was stolen every 15 minutes.  
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Cho Seung Hui murdered 32 fellow students at VT  and then killed himself in 2007. Every day in the USA,  8 children and teenagers are  killed by guns – the equivalent of a VT massacre  about every 4 days Since RFK and MLK were murdered in 1968, well  over 1 million Americans have been killed by firearms  – more than the combined US combat deaths in all  wars in American history
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Crime and Criminal Behavior Theories of Criminal Behavior  7 Individualistic Theories:   Individualistic theories of crime tend to be the most  popular.    Criminals are not viewed as societal victims, rather as  individuals responsible for their behaviors and must  be punished.
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Crime and Criminal Behavior Theories of Criminal Behavior  8 Sociological Theories:   Sociological theories of crime hold individuals  accountable, but also suggest society and prison  environments need to change.   Structural problems such as poverty, inequality, and  institutionalized racism, rather than personal,  psychological, or biological problems, are viewed as  the root causes of criminal behavior.
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Crime and Criminal Behavior Theories of Criminal Behavior  9 Theories and Social Work:  
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCW 200 taught by Professor Brethwaite during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Chapter 11 Criminal Justice - Introduction to Social Work...

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