Chapter 14 Substance Abuse

Chapter 14 Substance Abuse - I nt r oduct ion t o Social...

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Introduction to Social Work Introduction to Social Work Becoming a Change Agent Becoming a Change Agent Substance Abuse 1
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One in every five students reports having abused inhalants by the 8 th grade – second only to marijuana. There are >1400 inexpensive, easily available products that can be sniffed. 43% of college students report being binge drinkers, with 21% reporting frequent bingeing. Almost one-half the 75,000 ETOH related deaths in the USA are due to binge drinking. It is estimated that up to 360,000 of the 12 million undergrads in the USA will die of alcohol related causes. Of growing concern is the non-medical use of prescription drugs (oxycontin, vicodin, 2
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Each year close to 150,000 people die as a consequence of AOD problems. In 2003, 8.2 percent of the population, or 19.5 million people age 12 and older, were current illicit drug users. The annual economic costs exceed the conservative estimate of $185 billion and include 500 million lost work days. AOD use presents a clear problem in U.S. society, and almost all social workers will encounter people with AOD problems, whatever their actual field of practice. 3
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Definitions: Definitions: Drugs - Any chemical substances taken internally that alter the body's functioning. Drug Use - General term for all drug taking. Drug Misuse - The inappropriate use of medications or prescribed drugs. 4
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Definitions: Definitions: Substance Abuse The continued use of alcohol or other drugs (legal or illegal) in spite of adverse consequences. Addiction A compulsion toward a specific behavior, such as the use of alcohol or other drugs, despite negative consequences, and a psychological and/or physical dependence on the behavior or substance being used. 5
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Definitions: Definitions: Chemical Dependency Addiction to alcohol and/or other drugs in contrast to nonchemical addictions like gambling. 6
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Types of Drugs Types of Drugs Lawmakers developed a system that classifies drugs on the basis of their medical use and potential for abuse. The categories range from Schedule I drugs, which have no current medical use in the U.S. and have a high potential for abuse, to Schedule V, which are over-the-counter medications and have limited dependence-causing potential. The classification system is politically based and not developed by pharmacologists, and is controversial. 7
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Types of Drugs Types of Drugs There are three primary categories of drugs. They are stimulants, hallucinogens, and depressants. 8
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Types of Drugs Types of Drugs Stimulants , which increase alertness, wakefulness, and energy. Psychostimulants or amphetamines , commonly called speed, stimulate the central nervous system. Both are associated with euphoric feelings, and can be sniffed, snorted, smoked, injected or swallowed.
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Chapter 14 Substance Abuse - I nt r oduct ion t o Social...

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