Values and Ethics Handout

Values and Ethics Handout - 1 Values are defined as...

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1 1 ± Values are defined as “something (as a principle or quality) intrinsically valuable or desirable” (Merriam Webster Online), and serve as guides for selecting good or desirable behaviors. ± For the most part, professional values are compatible with societal values, but there may be differences in emphasis, prioritization, or interpretation. 2 ± Ethics are similar to values and are derived from values. ± Ethics is a branch of philosophy that concerns itself with human conduct and decision making, and looks at principles determining right from wrong. 3
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2 ± Ethics differ from values in that values are concerned with what is good and desirable, and ethics with what is right and correc and ethics with what is right and correct 4 ± Morality can be defined as a set of general rules that apply to everyone in society that are accepted and changed by general consensus consensus. 5 ± Laws are enacted by legislatures. Observance of the law is obligatory and enforced by threat of punishment. ± Compliance with ethical principles is voluntary and is reinforced by a moral respect for values. (Professional ethics may be enforced by professional sanctions) 6
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3 7 ± Provide guidelines when dilemmas arise ± Protect the public from fakes or incompetent practitioners ± Self regulation is preferable to government regulation ± Reduce internal professional conflict with self and peers ± Protect from litigation 8 9
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4 ± “Ethics is a system of moral principles and perceptions about right versus wrong and the resulting philosophy of conduct that is practiced by an individual group profession practiced by an individual, group, profession, or culture” From NASW WEBed site at www.naswwebed.org 10 ± In studying ethics, it becomes clear there is rarely universal agreement as to what is ethically right ± Throughout history, ethicists and philosophers have disagreed about what is “right” or “ethical” 11 ± “Behavior that meets a community's positive moral standards distinguishing right from wrong and adhering to right ± Ethical conduct follows the profession's Code Ethical conduct follows the profession s Code of Ethics, providing the highest and most skillful levels of service to clients relating to colleagues, professionals, all people, and society in an honorable manner” From NASW WEBed site at www.naswwebed.org 12
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5 Approaches determining ethical conduct are based in moral philosophy and concepts including: ± Reason ± Consequences ± Justice 13 ± What is right is based on pure reason ± An ethical or moral act is the right thing to do for any person in similar circumstances, reflecting a person's fundamental duty or obligation 14 ± What is right is determined by the consequences of an action ± Actions that result in the greatest good ± Actions resulting in the least harm 15
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6 ± what is considered just or fair ± Individual and social rights in the context of society
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Values and Ethics Handout - 1 Values are defined as...

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