Values and Ethics

Values and Ethics - 1 Values are defined as something (as a...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Values are defined as something (as a principle or quality) intrinsically valuable or desirable (Merriam-Webster Online), and serve as guides for selecting good or desirable behaviors. For the most part, professional values are compatible with societal values, but there may be differences in emphasis, prioritization, or interpretation. 2 Ethics are similar to values and are derived from values. Ethics is a branch of philosophy that concerns itself with human conduct and decision making, and looks at principles determining right from wrong. 3 Ethics differ from values in that values are concerned with what is good and desirable, and ethics with what is right and correct 4 Morality can be defined as a set of general rules that apply to everyone in society that are accepted and changed by general consensus. 5 Laws are enacted by legislatures. Observance of the law is obligatory and enforced by threat of punishment. Compliance with ethical principles is voluntary and is reinforced by a moral respect for values. (Professional ethics may be enforced by professional sanctions) 6 7 Provide guidelines when dilemmas arise Protect the public from fakes or incompetent practitioners Self regulation is preferable to government regulation Reduce internal professional conflict with self and peers Protect from litigation 8 9 Ethics is a system of moral principles and perceptions about right versus wrong and the resulting philosophy of conduct that is practiced by an individual, group, profession, or culture From NASW WEBed site at www.naswwebed.org 10 I n studying ethics, it becomes clear there is rarely universal agreement as to what is ethically right Throughout history, ethicists and philosophers have disagreed about what is right or ethical 11 Behavior that meets a community's positive moral standards distinguishing right from wrong and adhering to right Ethical conduct follows the profession's Code of Ethics, providing the highest and most skillful levels of service to clients relating to colleagues, professionals, all people, and society in an honorable manner From NASW WEBed site at www.naswwebed.org 12 Approaches determining ethical conduct are based in moral philosophy and concepts including: Reason Consequences Justice 13 What is right is based on pure reason An ethical or moral act is the right thing to do for any person in similar circumstances, reflecting a person's fundamental duty or obligation 14 What is right is determined by the consequences of an action Actions that result in the greatest good Actions resulting in the least harm 15 what is considered just or fair I ndividual and social rights in the context of society 16 The Code does not embrace any single philosophical or ethical theory The Code does extract from various ethical theories to form the basis for the values, principles and standards that it prescribes for the profession From NASW WEBed site at www.naswwebed.org 17...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCW 200 taught by Professor Brethwaite during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Values and Ethics - 1 Values are defined as something (as a...

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