Course Notes - 1.1 Basic Concepts Arguments Premises and...

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1.1 Basic Concepts 1.1 Basic Concepts Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions
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Some Definitions Some Definitions Logic – the science that evaluates arguments. Argument – a group of propositions in which one or more are claimed to provide evidence for a conclusion. Statement – a sentence that is either true or false. Premise – a proposition that claims to give reasons or evidence for a conclusion. Conclusion – a proposition that the premise(s) claims to support.
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Extracting an Argument from a Extracting an Argument from a Passage Passage It is our task to extract arguments from passages and distinguish the premises from the conclusion. Indicator words will significantly help us in this task. An indicator word is a word that indicates which statements are premises and conclusions. There are both conclusion and premise indictor words.
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Examples of Conclusion Indicators Indicators The following are examples of conclusion indicator words:
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor ? during the Fall '06 term at South Carolina.

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Course Notes - 1.1 Basic Concepts Arguments Premises and...

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