Lecture 15_Outline - Resource Planning

Lecture 15_Outline - Resource Planning - Lecture 15 -...

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Lecture 15 - Outline 1 Lecture 15: Resource Planning (Chapter 15) Objectives z Resource Planning across the Organization z Enterprise Resource Planning z Material Requirements Planning z Resource Planning for Service Providers Resource Planning z At the heart of any organization z Starts with sales and operations plans and plans the input requirements z A process relative to the firm’s competitive priorities and an important part of managing supply chains Enterprise Resource Planning z What an ERP system does ± Integrating the firm’s functional areas ± Used by many different types of organizations z How ERP systems are designed ± Single comprehensive database ± Managers to monitor all of the company’s products at all locations and at all times ± Information is automatically updated in the all applications when transactions occur ± Streamlines the data flows throughout the organization ± Requires a careful analysis of major processes ± Significant changes in ERP systems - interoperability Material Requirement Planning z MRP is a computerized information system to manage dependent demand inventory and schedule orders
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Lecture 15 - Outline 2 z Translates the master production schedule into requirements for all subassemblies, components, and raw materials through the MRP explosion z Dependent demand z Quantity required varies with the production plans of other items z Component z Parent MRP Inputs Demand Patterns Bill of Materials z A record of all components of an item z Shows the parent-component relationship z The usage quantities are derived from engineering and process design z Five common terms z End items z Intermediate items z Subassemblies
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Lecture 15 - Outline 3 z Purchased items z Part commonality (sometimes called standardization of parts or modularity) Master Production Scheduling z Details how many end items will be produced within specified periods of time z It breaks the sales and operations plan into specific product schedules z Create a prospective MPS and test whether it meets the schedule with available
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Lecture 15_Outline - Resource Planning - Lecture 15 -...

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