Chapter 3 presentation - The History of Africa Chapter 3...

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The History of Africa Chapter  3 The impact of Iron in North and  West Africa
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Early Metal-Working Metal provided superior raw materials- tools, weapons, and decorative  ornaments Copper- first metal to be mined -”Smelting” copper Smelting copper and tin together  creates bronze
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Metal used for Trade Limited metals like copper, tin, gold and  other metals became important items  for trade -exchanged for luxuries or other  raw materials -gold was traded due to its value. It  was too soft and too rare to use for  tools
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The Iron Age  Kingdom of  Meroe   QuickTime™ and a  decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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Copper and Iron Copper Early copper-working in  western Africa Worked and traded  between 1000 and 500  BCE May have evolved locally No major impact on  stone-using people of the  region Iron Iron-smelting much more  complex than smelting of  other metals Chemical Process: iron- smelting furnaces
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Origins: The Rise of Kush  Old Kingdom of Egypt imported, ivory, gold, ostrich  feathers and ebony from Nubia Not much known about Nubian Kingdoms  Egyptian rule over Nubians where over their culture;  religion, language, and writing  Egyptian rule fell to the New Kingdom leading them  to withdraw from Nubia  New Nubian state known as  Kingdom of Kush  
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Iron Origins Oldest iron workings found in Anatolia,  now modern Turkey, 1500 BCE Western Asian knowledge not taken to  Egypt until 670 BCE (Assyrian invasion)
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Iron Origins continued Iron-smelting, independently invented Evidence of early iron-smelting in east  Africa long before western Asia
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Advantages of Iron While iron-smelting is more complex,  iron tools and weapons are much more  substantial -much harder -can be sharpened to a finer  point -one drawback: large quantities  hardwood charcoal needed
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Time Line Nubia 1900 BCE Middle Kingdom Egypt extended 
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Chapter 3 presentation - The History of Africa Chapter 3...

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