Amcult 295 Review Sheet

Amcult 295 Review Sheet - WS 295 Review Sheet Terms Social...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
WS 295 Review Sheet Terms Social construction - sex(male/female) is a biological substrate that by itself determines nothing -adults determine sex (assign) not genitals - genitals do not determine gender or sexual orientation -nurture theory Essentialist theory - sex is biologically given that determines gender and sexuality -penis= boy vagina=girl - only heterosexuality -universal facts of life -nothing to explain except why some people do not fit in Sex - biological substrate - Biological differences related to reproductive functions - Chromosomes, hormones, external organs - Many species including plants have sex(male/female) Gender - masculinity and femininity -only humans have gender - cultural associated sex differences ex. Pink associated with women -usually assigned at birth based on genitals Gender Concepts 1. Assignment- putting babies into cultural category 2. Identity- subjective sense of gender 3. Role- behavior associated with role 4. Attribution- process of deciding what gender another person is Gender Dysphoria - gender identity does not agree with assignment Transsexual - gender reassignment - Varying degrees of hormone “treatment” and surgery to alter the body to conform to the reassigned gender - Sex cannot be changed but gender can be (cannot modify sex only gender) Intersex -formally called hermaphrodites - about 1 in 1000 babies are intersex - creates crisis for doctors and family - gender assigned and surgery alters the body to resemble the biological sex of that gender -some intersexed have organized against this surgery Sexuality -symbols in any form- actions, fantasies, artwork etc. that are associated with and supposed to lead in any given culture to sexual arousal Sexual orientation -enduring desires that affect a person’s fundamental identity -heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, sadomasochist Holistic/ Qualitative - depth exploration of one’s culture “thick description” -intra-cultural -implicit comparison with one’s own culture Comparative/Quantitative - comparing isolated element of many cultures
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-inter-cultural Sex Positive - belief that sex is desired by both genders and is a good thing Sex Negative - sex that is seen as wrong or inappropriate Kinship System - group made up of people related to each other through men (patrilineal) or people related to each other through women (matrilineal) -inherit either father or mother not both Alligatoring - extra-marital sex -takes place in a bush -consensual and exciting Hammocking - marital sex -takes place in woman’s hut in a hammock -“tasteless” Manioc - primary crop of the Mehinaku -planted and tended by woman -grind and cook Eros - desire for beautiful -one can feel Eros for any beautiful person or object or even ideas -Eros might or might not be sexual arousal Philia- love or compassion for a family member -sexual(wife) or nonsexual(children) Erastes - teacher, older, super ordinate, pursuer, motivated by Eros Eramos - student, younger, subordinate, pursued, motivated by Philia
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course AMCULT 295 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '11 term at University of Michigan.

Page1 / 8

Amcult 295 Review Sheet - WS 295 Review Sheet Terms Social...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online