My Soc Study Guide

My Soc Study Guide - HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY UNIT KEY WORDS...

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HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY UNIT – KEY WORDS KNOW THE AUTHOR OF EACH WORK Class Notes: Key factors that led to emergence of sociology Intellectual o The enlightenment: science, not religion o Humanity can move forward and progress o Individual should be trusted o Counter enlightenment: institution o Differentiation of social sciences within the university: history, anthropology, psych… sociology Economic o Expansion of commerce and markets o Industrialization Social o Urbanization o Decline of local communities Political o Rise of bureaucratic nation states o Decline in the power of the church Communist Manifesto - Marx and Engels Bourgeoisie and Proletariat: Bourgeoisie is going to be most powerful, proletariat is going to then overthrow them Proletariat: laborers, majority, class consciousness, revolutionary class, non owning Bourgeoisie: owning Communism: inevitable and capitalism will get us there Class Struggles: Drive economy because of struggles; material conflict drives change World Market: labor, commodity, capital Purpose of the state – for bourg to dominate prolet and prolet to take over - revolution Alienation – Karl Marx 4 aspects of Alienation: o alienation of the worker from his or her ‘species essence’ as a human being rather than an animal; o alienation between workers, since capitalism reduces labour to a commodity to be traded on the market, rather than a social relationship; o alienation of the worker from the product, since this is appropriated by the capitalist class, and so escapes the worker's control; o alienation from the act of production itself, such that work comes to be a meaningless activity, offering little or no intrinsic satisfactions. True owner of the product of labor – humans are becoming slaves to labor and the people that do all of the work aren’t even needed because they play such a small role individually Relationship of private property and alienated labor Class notes Hegel – ideas drive change marx – material conflict drives change Use value: making something that you can get use out of yourself 1
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Exchange value: exchange products you make for selling Commodification: Production is for purpose of selling Commodity fetishism: commodities are being treated like human beings Commodification of labor: sell your labor like it’s a product Class, Status, Party - Weber Class: Capitalists, property owners, those who have copying rights, and laborers o When materials are same/have same things o Economic interest/ income o Condition of commodities in labor markets Status: a group whose members share a characterisit or lifestyle that is honored or dishonored in society o May or may not be linked to class
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My Soc Study Guide - HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY UNIT KEY WORDS...

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