week05 - Naming (binary) Molecular Compounds Naming...

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1 Naming (binary) Molecular Compounds Binary Compound contains atoms or ions of only two elements Naming molecular compounds: 1. Name the leftmost element as we would a main- group metal – according to the periodic table. 2. Name the rightmost element as we would a monatomic anion – drop the ending of the name (from the periodic table) and add an “-ide”. 3. When two elements from the same group combine, rule #2 applies to the top and rule #1 applies to the bottom. 4. Use Greek prefixes to denote the number of atoms of each element. Naming convention is related to “electronegativity” – covered in Ch. 8 8 octa - 3 tri - 7 hepta - 2 di - deca - nona - hexa - Prefix 10 9 6 Name 5 4 1 Name penta - tetra - mono - Prefix Table 3.9 Common Greek Prefixes Practice – Naming Molecular Compounds Name the following binary molecular compounds: 1. OF 2 2. SiCl 4 3. P 4 O 6
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2 Acids and Bases • Acids: substances that when dissolved in water provide hydrogen ions (H + ) • Bases: substances that react with acids in
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week05 - Naming (binary) Molecular Compounds Naming...

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