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Art Criticism Paper: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge October 10, 2005 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a famous artist who lived in the end of the 18 th century in Paris, France. He was at the center of a creative revolution, in which bohemian ideals were valued, and creative artists and thinkers were revered. Toulouse- Lautrec used his art as a way to show outsiders what life was like as a part of this cultural phenomenon, with compassion and humanity. Toulouse-Lautrec was born on November 24, 1864 in south France. His family was part of a dying aristocratic line and his parents were cousins, which may have led to a genetic defect that caused Toulouse-Lautrec to be only 4 and a half feet tall at his full adult height (4). As a result, Toulouse-Lautrec was unable to participate in typical aristocratic leisure time activities, such as horseback riding and hunting, and began to take an interest in art (2). When he was a teenager, he began taking art lessons from a famous art teacher in Paris named Fernand Cormon, whose studio was located in Montmartre, a hill overlooking the city. Montmartre was the center of the bohemian revolution that was taking place in Paris in the late 1800’s (2). Toulouse-Lautrec became a fixture in the Montmartre scene, becoming friends with many of the nightclub performers and other artists, including Vincent van Gogh and Pablo Picasso (1). Toulouse-Lautrec’s paintings show this lifestyle with a participant’s perspective, while other painter’s works portray these scenes from an outsider’s point of view. His artwork is in the category of post- SAMPLE ART CRITICISM PAPER FROM A&D 255 FALL 2005
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impressionist paintings, and also art nouveau illustrations and lithography (4). Toulouse-Lautrec is famous for his use of poster art.
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