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NUR%20214%20Alterations%20in%20Circulation%20and%20Oxygenation%20Study%20Guide1

NUR%20214%20Alterations%20in%20Circulation%20and%20Oxygenation%20Study%20Guide1

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NUR 214 Introduction to Pathophysiology Study Guide for Alterations in Circulation and Oxygenation Exam 1. What are the functions of the circulatory system? 2. Describe the flow of blood from the venous to the arterial system in a single cardiac cycle a. What anatomical structures are involved? b. How does left heart function differ from right heart function? c. Describe the major structural differences between veins and arteries d. How does the pulmonary artery differ in function from the pulmonary vein? e. Differentiate between systole and diastole 3. How is cardiac performance measured? a. What is Cardiac Output? b. What equation is used to determine cardiac output? c. What factors determine cardiac output? d. Differentiate between preload and afterload e. How is the cardiac output regulated? f. How do sympathetic stimulation and parasympathetic stimulation affect cardiac output? g. What is important about the ejection fraction? h. What is the cardiac index and how is it used?
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