chapter10 - Chapter1 Context AbnormalBehavior...

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Chapter 1 Abnormal Behavior in Historical  Context
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Myths and Misconceptions About  Abnormal Behavior No single definition of  psychological abnormality No single definition of  psychological normality
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What is a Psychological Disorder? Psychological dysfunction Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral  functioning Personal distress  Difficulty performing appropriate and expected roles Impairment is set in the context of a person’s  background Atypical or not culturally expected response  Reaction is outside cultural norms
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Abnormal Behavior Defined  Working definition A psychological dysfunction associated with distress  or impairment in functioning that is not typical or  culturally expected The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV- TR) DSM Contains diagnostic criteria The field of psychopathology  The scientific study of psychological disorders
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The Science of Psychopathology   Mental health professionals The Ph.D.: Clinical and counseling psychologist The Psy.D.: Clinical and counseling “Doctor of  Psychology” M.D.: Psychiatrist M.S.W.: Psychiatric or non-psychiatric social worker MN/MSN: Psychiatric nurse Lay public and community groups United by the scientist-practitioner framework
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The Scientist-Practitioner  Producers of research Consumers of research Evaluators of their work using empirical methods
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Clinical Description  Begins with the presenting problem Description aims to  Distinguish clinically significant dysfunction from  common human experience Describe prevalence and incidence of disorders
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Clinical Description  (continued) Describe onset of disorders Acute vs. insidious onset Describe course of disorders Episodic, time-limited, or chronic course Prognosis Good vs. guarded
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Spring '10 term at Purdue.

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chapter10 - Chapter1 Context AbnormalBehavior...

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