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chapter11%20%28blank%20for%20blackboard%29 - Chapter11...

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Chapter 11 Personality Disorders
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Personality Disorders:  An Overview The nature of personality disorders Enduring and relatively stable predispositions  Inflexible and maladaptive, causing distress and/or  impairment Coded on Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR Categorical vs. dimensional views of personality  disorders
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The Big Five Originally derived from the natural language Consists of 5 broad domains I.  Extraversion II. Agreeableness III. Conscientiousness IV. Neuroticism V. Openness to experience Each domain has underlying facets
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Personality Disorders:  An Overview  (continued) DSM-IV-TR personality disorder clusters Cluster A – odd or eccentric cluster Cluster B – dramatic, emotional, erratic cluster  Cluster C – fearful or anxious cluster
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Personality Disorders: Facts and  Statistics  Prevalence of personality disorders Affects about 0.5% to 2.5% of the general population Rates are higher in inpatient and outpatient settings Origins and course of personality disorders Thought to begin in childhood  Tend to run a chronic course if untreated Comorbidity rates are high 
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Personality Disorders: Facts and  Statistics  (continued) Gender distribution and gender bias in diagnosis Gender bias exists in the diagnosis Criterion and/or assessment gender bias  
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Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric Paranoid PD; Schizoid PD; Schizotypal PD A) Paranoid PD Overview and clinical features Pervasive and unjustified mistrust and suspicion The causes Biological and psychological contributions are unclear Early learning that people and the world is a  dangerous place
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Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric A) Paranoid PD (cont) Treatment options  Few seek professional help on their own Treatment focuses on development of trust Cognitive therapy to counter negativistic thinking Lack of good outcome studies
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Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric B) Schizoid PD Overview and clinical features Pervasive pattern of detachment from social  relationships Very limited range of emotions in interpersonal 
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University.

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chapter11%20%28blank%20for%20blackboard%29 - Chapter11...

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