sexual_gender_identity%20%28for%20blackboard%29

sexual_gender_identity%20%28for%20blackboard%29 - Sexual...

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Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
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An Overview Normative facts and statistics U.S. Men (age 20-39) 95% had vaginal intercourse 20% anal intercourse 75% performed and/or received oral sex 23% had 20+ partners 2.3% engaged in a homosexual act 1.1% reported exclusive homosexuality Sexual behavior of college students is stable Senior citizens have sex too Gender differences Men > desire and arousal Women > committed relationships as context Male self-concept > power, independence, and aggression Women’s beliefs more “plastic”
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Sexual Orientation Interaction of bio-psycho-social influences 50% concordance for homosexuality in MZ vs 16 – 22% for DZ Differential exposure to sex hormones in utero Structure of brain may be different Having more older brothers increases likelihood Bem’s model
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Abnormal Sexual Behavior DSM-IV-TR Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Gender identity disorder: specific disorder Sexual dysfunctions: how things can go wrong Paraphilias: how things can go weird
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Gender Identity Disorder Clinical Overview Physical gender not consistent with sense of identity Person feels trapped in the body of the wrong sex Assume identity of the desired sex Not sexual (i.e., transsexual fetishism) Not intersexed Not same as effeminate men or masculine women
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GID Criteria A. Strong and persistent cross-gender identification: insistence that one is the other sex cross-dressing cross-sex fantasies or pretend play participate in other-sex games & pastimes strong preference for other-sex playmates
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GID Criteria B. Persistent discomfort with own sex Girls: reject seated urination; assert growth of penis; not wanting to menstruate or grow breasts; aversion to “feminine” clothing Boys: assert penis and testes are disgusting or will disappear; better not to have a penis; aversion to rough play; reject “boys’” toys, games, etc. C. Not intersex condition D. Causes impairment and/or distress
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Associated Problems: Older Children: No same sex friends Isolation / distress School refusal due to teasing or pressure to dress in clothes of their assigned sex Young Children: Unhappiness with assigned sex Interference with ordinary activities due to preoccupation with cross-gender wishes
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Sexual Dysfunctions Sexual Dysfunction: Problem at stage of sexual response cycle Desire , arousal, orgasm
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