Psychodynamic_Humanistic_Therapy - Treatment Approaches:...

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Unformatted text preview: Treatment Approaches: Psychodynamic and Humanistic PSY 350 Abnormal Psychology Recitation Psychoanalysis and and Psychoanalytic Therapy Review of Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory • Instinct Theory • Structure of the Mind • Structure of Personality • Defense Mechanisms – – – – Displacement Projection Reaction formation Repression Name the Defense Mechanism Name • An aggressive teenager becomes a boxer • A man who hates his father acts overly solicitous man and protective of him and • A man believes his neighbor dislikes him, when man in fact he is hostile toward his neighbor in • A child who felt humiliated in a piano recital has child completely forgotten that she ever took lessons completely Implications for Therapy • Psychological problems are the result of conflict or tension between a person’s emotions/impulses and social demands/ideals of behavior • Symptoms represent underlying problem • Implications for how therapy is conducted? Goals for Therapy • Gain insight into true causes of problems • Ways to recover information from the unconscious – – – – Free association Projective Tests Dream Analysis Hypnosis • Working through the Problem – How? Transference • Refers to the strong feelings (often sexual or aggressive), positive or negative that patients develop toward their therapist during the course of treatment • Positive Transference • Negative Transference • Counter-Transference – Resistance More about Dream Analysis • Freud spoke about dreams as being the “royal road” to the unconscious • Two levels of interpretation – Manifest Content – Latent Content • Dreams are wish fulfillments expressed by the latent content “Famous” Dream Analysis Example • Freud and Carl Jung • Jung’s dream: – Jung explores a two storey house that Jung did not know, but knew was 'his house'. The upper story was furnished in rococo style; the lower 'darker' floor had medieval furnishings. There was also a cellar containing the remains of a primitive culture, including two skulls – Your interpretation? Jung’s Interpretation: Jung believed his dream was the beginnings of his idea of the “collective unconscious” He saw the house as an image of the psyche that included the current, 20th century culture, but also beneath it was a primitive culture Freud’s Interpretation: Freud believed the skulls represented Jung’s wish fulfillment for the death of two persons close to him. Freud believed one of the skulls was a representation of Freud himself and Jung’s secret death wish towards him. Psychoanalytic Therapy Today Psychoanalytic • Old Way of Conducting Therapy – Patient lays down, does not look at therapist, and Patient keeps eyes closed – Attempt to regress the client in order to better tap into Attempt unconscious – Heavy discussion of childhood issues, sexual Heavy • Currently – – Sit in chairs, face therapist Less insistence upon everything rooting back to Less childhood or hidden sexual desires, focus more on current relationships current Humanistic Therapy Humanistic Carl Rogers Development of Humanistic Therapy Therapy – Reaction against Psychoanalysis and Reaction Behaviorism Behaviorism – Some psychologists disagreed with this Some theoretical orientation, rejecting their deterministic nature deterministic – CLIENT-CENTERED or PERSON CLIENT-CENTERED CENTERED THERAPY CENTERED Humanistic Therapy Humanistic • Psychological problems result when we are unaware or Psychological unable to act as true self unable Psychotherapy is the releasing of this self-actualizing Psychotherapy capacity by overcoming internalized restrictions capacity • Humanistic Therapy Humanistic • • • • • Client-centered Goal Break from medical model Treatment length Therapist’s role: Help client’s realize Therapist’s genuine selves genuine – – Accept themselves completely Begin growing toward self-actualization Humanistic Therapy Humanistic • • Emphasizes unique individual qualities Based on self-actualization Based self-actualization Client-Centered Therapy Client-Centered • – – – Therapist’s role = be aware of own biases and Therapist’s prejudices prejudices Encounter client’s world with an open mind Nondirective Reflection • Therapist’s role = create a warm relationship Therapist’s (focus on the “here and now”) consisting of: (focus • • • • Genuineness Unconditional positive regard Empathy Congruence Thinking about the needs of different clients… different • For what type of client would these For therapies be helpful? therapies • For what type of client may these therapies For be inappropriate? be ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 350 taught by Professor Conger during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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