Final Review

Final Review - Final Review Chapter 8 Violence Two types of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Final Review Chapter 8 Violence Two types of violence Expressive goal is to cause harm Instrumental goal is other than harmharming is not the real purpose i.e. robbery Classical theories Emphasizes free will and rationality as the source of behavior People are rational and have free will, and thus responsible for their actions Apply to instrumental because it is rational thinking because you are getting something out of it and not just causing harm Homicide Justifiable homicide the reasonable killing of another human being i.e. police officers, soldiers, and self-defense Criminal Homicide killing of another human without a justifiable reason Three types Murder intentional killing of another person with malice aforethought First and second degree murders Felony murder Often first degree; requires no intension to kill; killing in the course of an applicable felony Manslaughter unlawful killing of another person without malice Voluntary killing in heat of passion Involuntary speeding and crashed killing a passenger Negligent homicide Assumed a lesser risk than involuntary manslaughter i.e. driving accident killing passenger but not breaking any driving laws Multiple murder Sensationalized but rare Types Serial murder killing of several victims in 3 or more separate incidents separated by weeks or more Organized prepares Disorganized doesnt plan ahead Mass Murder killing of four or more victims at one location on single occasion Spree Murder Killing at two or more locations with almost no time break between murders Detection and clearance rates Highest in southern states Influenced by medical advancements Dipped after 1933; resurged in 1960s; declined 1990s Rise in young, black male murder rate in 1980s Intra-racial and intra-gender About 90% black murder victims were killed by black offenders and 85% of white murder victims were killed by white offenders Showing they usually kill the same race Intra- racial Female victims were NOT murdered by female offenders Not intra-gender Victim Precipitation victims contribution to his/her own harm by being first to use or threaten violence Common in intentional homicides More often when women kills husbands Victimology study of victims of a crime Significant percentage of all homicides occur among relatives and acquaintances (proof from a study) 44% of intimate relationship 26% friends and acquaintances 11% offenders own children 7.5% strangers Robbery theft through violence or the threat of violence Usually categorized as a violent crime but is a property crime as well Often inter-racial (unlike homicide) Conklins Typology of Robbers The professional robbers Deep commitment to robbery Carefully execute their crime...
View Full Document

Page1 / 23

Final Review - Final Review Chapter 8 Violence Two types of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online