HISTORY FINAL QUESTIONS

HISTORY FINAL QUESTIONS - HISTORY FINAL REVIEW CHAPTER 23...

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HISTORY FINAL REVIEW – CHAPTER 23 1. What conflicting visions did Americans offer in response to the expansionist drives of Germany and Japan? How did they influence the American path to war? -Japan is extremely isolated yet they had already imperialized Korea and China and at that point they plan on getting more pacific power. This drove the US into war because some of the pacific territories were owned by the US. Once Pearl Harbor was attacked, the US immediately entered. Germany was seen as much more violent with their connection to WWI. America knows that Germany is still angry over the Versailles treaty. Once Germany began to take over parts of France, the US saw intervention as a way to help the allies. 3.How did the war affect racial, labor, and gender relations on the home front? What conflicting visions emerged? -With race, the government put limits on the number of Asians that were entering the country. In addition, they created internment camps where Asians were placed with their American-born babies with armed guards in isolated areas. This was done because people were in fear of Asians (PH and spies). These were seen as conflicting visions because they violated these peoples civil rights. “Mrs. Stay at home: was now in the wartime workforce. Whether swayed by wartime propaganda or attracted by new employment opportunities and high wages, women were entering the work force. Males did not like this because now they had women competition for desirable jobs. There were conflicting visions about this too because many mothers had mixed feelings on day care. 4. What distinct strategic challenges and battlefield conditions did the United States face in the Pacific and European theatres? How did the US prevail against Japan and Germany? When the US fought on ships or on the sea, America was strong. Island hopping, fighting for the Pacific, and battles on Japanese soil were rough on the American soldiers. In the European part of the war, it was very chaotic. Air bombing, some trench warfare, minefield of bombs on the ground occurred during this war. Also, sea attacks like D-Day and the Battle at Normandy helped the US prevail against Germany. In Japan, the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki allowed the US to prevail and assume victory over the Pacific power. CHAPTER 24 1. In the postwar period, the US assumed the role of global protector against Communist aggression. What competing visions did policymakers offer on the
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role that the US should play in world affairs? How did the Truman Administration justify its foreign policy decisions from 1945-1950? -The postwar goals on the American side reflected lingering dismay over the nations failure to prevent the rise of expansionist regimes. FDR argued that American leadership in the newly formed UN could promote a peaceful future by deterring and punishing any aggression before it spun out of control. Roosevelt also stressed the importance of preventing another global depression like the one that helped bring Hitler to power. Truman canceled the Lend-Lease payments,
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HISTORY FINAL QUESTIONS - HISTORY FINAL REVIEW CHAPTER 23...

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