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PHILOSOPHY 140 – FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET 1. Quickening is the movement of the fetus inside of the mother’s stomach (Week 12-16). Viability is the point in the pregnancy, which the fetus can live outside of the mother. (Week 20-28). z 2. Medical abortions are done through medication. This can be done through taking the morning after pill (Plan B), which, is 75% effective. Or, taking the medication Mifepristone (RU 486) – which will work up until week 7. This induces a woman getting her period and is up to 90% effective. Surgical abortions are done through surgery and the need for anesthesia, but they are 98-99% effective. There are many different kinds of surgical abortions, but the most common is Dilation and Extraction (D&E), which is where the fetus is sucked out of the women. This procedure takes place in 90% of abortions. 3. According to Roe v. Wade states cannot regulate abortion during the first trimester. This trimester is strictly up to the woman and her doctor to decide whether she wants an abortion or not. In this case, the woman has her right to privacy and the fetus has no right to life. 4. According to Roe v. Wade states can regulate abortion during the second trimester but only to protect the health of the mother. 5. According to Roe v. Wade states can regulate abortion during the third trimester to save the life/health of the mother. 6. According to Planned Parenthood v. Casey, states can start regulating abortion from the beginning of the pregnancy. This is done so that there is no undue burden on the women. In order to regulate, the state has limits: There must be a 24 hour waiting period for the woman wanting an abortion There must be informed consent from the state to the women – explaining the negative effects/alternatives of the procedures There must be parental consent for minors The doctor must provide information to the state about who got a procedure and which procedure was done.
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7. Something that is wrong prima facie is wrong at first glance. Something that is wrong all things considered is wrong, taking all factors into consideration. For example, one might say it is prima facie to kill a fetus, having an abortion. But with all things considered, that might be the best option for the mother if she is experiencing outside factors such as health related issues and in that case an abortion would be necessary. 8. Don Marquis – He believes that moral standing constitutes a collection of cells that make-up something.” It is primifacia morally wrong to end a humans life.” – he argues that if this were to be true, it would be primafacia wrong to get rid of cancer cells, but of course all things considered, this would be a good thing. Therefore, abortion is p.f. (primafacia) morally wrong.
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