GOVT100 - 16:00 whatispolitics?...

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16:00 what is politics? Politics touches everything (Robert Dahl) Politics involves change ( David Easton) o A world of flux tensions, transitions o All life is changing all the time o Domestic, international o Authoritative allocation of values Institutions of government/distributing/goods, services,  values/attitudes- how they are distributed o Politics is deciding who gets what, when and how; a process of  determining how power and resources are distributed in society without  violence (Harold Lasswell) What- outcomes of political process (social welfare programs,  education, health, law enforcement) Differences between elites in society- elites get their needs served  more quickly Politics is. . Politics arranges our lives into some kind of social order Politics manages power, politics os the game; power is the technique o To avoid violence, management of power must be legitimate (illegitimate  use of power leads to chaos/violence) Legitimate use of power within official government setting is referred to as  “authority” o Authority is power that attaches to ‘the office’ not the individual Politics and government Government is the system or organization for exercising authority over a  people Rules:
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What is power? Latin term potere: ability to affect something else o Notion of volition (will, desire, choice) Ability to achieve objective, goals: attaining an objective is someone wills o Example of interest group Getting someone to do something it would rather not do o Example of country getting another country to act against its will Power is manifest/ behavioral: I see it (1 st  dimension of power) o Pluralistic power (one dimensional view): power is intentional, active and  observable Power as decision making; behavior; key issues; concrete decisions; (overt  conflict) Subjective interests seen as policy preferences, revealed by political Positive and negative power Negative power o Classical liberalism Discrete individual Impedes liberty of another o domination Positive power o Empowerment “yes we can” enable self, others to develop; potential Relational: one cannot exist without the other Power is latent/ reserved
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The 2 nd  dimension of power
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course GOVT 100 taught by Professor Koulish during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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GOVT100 - 16:00 whatispolitics?...

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