GOVT100 readings

GOVT100 readings - Chapter3 01:39 Ideologyandideologies

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Chapter 3 01:39 Ideology and ideologies Refers to a set of ideas that tries to link thought with action o Attempts to shape people think and therefore how they act Liberalism, fascism, and communism dominated politics in the 20 th  century The Cold War ended with the collapse of communism and the disintegration  of the Soviet Union Political ideologies come out of particular backgrounds and circumstances  and grow out of a grievance or injustice To forget the past is to increase the risk of repeating its mistakes- George  Santayana  Try to shape and direct social change Performs four functions for people who hold it: explanatory, evaluative,  orientative, and programmatic Explanation Offers an explanation of why social, political and economic conditions are as  they are Each ideology gives different explanations Ideologues- people who try to persuade others to accept their ideology o Want to reach as many people as possible Evaluation Supplies standards for evaluating social conditions Those who follow one ideology may evaluate favorably something that the  followers of a different ideology greatly dislike Orientation Supplies an adherent with an orientation and a sense of identity Political program
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Tells its followers what to do and how to do it Sets a general program of social and political action ideologies try to link thought, ideas, and beliefs to actions each one provides a vision of the social and political world as it is, and as it  should be it is not  a scientific theory functional definition helps distinguish democracy from political ideologies difference between political philosophy and political ideology is a difference of  degree o ideologies are much simpler and less abstract- more focused on action human nature humans have natural/innate racial consciousness that compels them to  associate with their own kind and to avoid associating/sympathizing with other  races freedom defined differently by ideologies it is an essentially contested concept triadic or three cornered model- Gerald MacCallum o includes three features: an agent, an barrier/obstacle blocking the agent,  and a goal o agent- the person or group that is or should be free o goals- different agents have different goals o obstacle- material or physical conditions, crime, traditions, beliefs, etc.  refers to the relationship involving an agent who is both free from some  obstacle and free to achieve some goal ideology and revolution revolution referred to a return to an earlier condition in its original political use
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French revolution began with the intention not of returning to the old ways but 
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course GOVT 100 taught by Professor Koulish during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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GOVT100 readings - Chapter3 01:39 Ideologyandideologies

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