COMM107 Public Speaking Notes

COMM107 Public Speaking Notes - Chapter 11 Getting to Know...

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Chapter 11 – Getting to Know Your Audience 1) Public Communication : Transaction between a speaker and an audience 2) Listenable Speech : A speech that is formatted properly so audience can understand it a. Fits intellectual level of audience, structure follows clear, usually chronological pattern, transition words, and statements that are backed up with facts/examples b. Encouragement of listener involvement, confidence, varying tones of voices, nonverbal behaviors, logical structure 3) Parameters : participants, setting, and purpose a. Participants b. Setting : Where, time limit, when, and attitude of audience c. Purpose : Expected outcomes of presentation 4) Ethics: a. Plagiarism : Use of ideas and words of others as your own w/o giving credit to the originator of the material b. Fabrication : Making up information or guessing at information and making it appear true. 5) Speech Analysis: a. Demographics : Listener’s characteristics based on descriptions and backgrounds i. Age, gender, religion, ethnicity, education, occupation, and race b. Psychographics : Listener’s attitudes and beliefs i. Predispositions brought to event, captive vs. voluntary audience, opinions on the subject matter c. Rhetorographics : Place, time limit, time of day, and emotional climate i. Size of the room, temperature, lighting, furniture arrangement, comfort level ii. Psychological sate of participants; adapt your message to accommodate emotional levels. 6) Speech Preparation: a. Statement of Central Idea : Define the subject and develop the criteria as to how you are going to evaluate your topic i. Goal : Expected outcome; to inform or persuade ii. Topic : Specific subject iii. Method of Development : How you approach the presentation 7) Modes of Presentation: a. Impromtu Speaking/Ad Libbing : Using information from experience, speaking without preparation, organizing ideas while you are communicating b. Extemporaneous : Developing a set of talking points in a note or outline to aid the presentation; presenter knows in advance that they will be giving the presentation i. Mind Mapping : Arranging materials visually rather than in list form ii. Talking Points : bulleted points that will addressed in the speech c. Manuscript : Material is written out and delivered word for word d. Memorized : Speech is written out word for word and then commit it to memory Chapter 12 – Developing the Message
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1) Sources of Information: a. Primary Sources of Info : Sources that represent the original reports of the observations or research. b. Secondary Source : Source that report the research, but did not originally generate it. c. Print Sources : i. Books, magazines, newspapers, journals, indexes, publications d. Non-Print Sources : i. Tape records, CD’s, DVD’s, videotapes, charts, models, pictures, interviews e. For any sources that are used in a presentation, make sure to orally footnote it, or cite the source aloud. 2) Supporting Material:
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course COMM 107 taught by Professor Gardner during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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COMM107 Public Speaking Notes - Chapter 11 Getting to Know...

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