: The scientific study of how we think, feel, and behave toward others, and how our thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors influence and are influenced by the other people in our lives.
: Kurt Lewin – “father of social psychology”
– an understanding of knowledge about how our social worlds develop, and the influence of
these knowledge structures on memory, information processing, attitudes, and judgment.
how is human decision making flawed by both cognitive and motivational processes?
– how our social behavior both influences and is influenced by the activities of our brain
1) Should be studied
: based on the collection and analysis of data
2) Based on 5 factors:
– relationship between the person and the other people around him/her
– people we interact with/ social groups we belong to
: The processes through which other people change our thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors, and through which we change theirs.
: A group of people, normally living within the same geographical region, who
share a common set of social norms, including religious and family values.
Cultural norms, common in Western societies,that focus primarily on
self-enhancement and independence.
. Cultural norms that indicate that people should be more fundamentally
connected with others, and thus oriented toward interdependence.
– the mental activity of processing information, and using that information in
judgment (thinking comes from cerebral cortex)
cognition that relates to social activities, and which helps us
understand and predict the behavior of ourselves and others.
Knowledge that includes information about a person or group
Knowledge that includes an evaluation about a person or group
– Interactions: f(Person, social situation)
Dependent on both the characteristics of the person & the influence of the situation
: human nature is determined by evolution
The extent to which having a given characteristic helps the individual
organism survive and reproduce at a higher rate than do other members of the species
who do not have the characteristic.
: The sharing of goods, services, or emotions, and other social rewards
: cooperate by giving benefits to those who are in need, with the
expectation of a return of benefits at a future time.
– Feelings we experience as part of our everyday lives
Mood: Positive or negative feelings that are in the background of our everyday
ii. Emotions: brief, but often intense, mental and physiological feeling states; more specific
form of affect
Protecting and enhancing the self and the ingroup
Affiliating with, accepting and beng accepted by others.