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New South Readings for 1-26-11

New South Readings for 1-26-11 - ,2011 pp.24 pp.511...

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Readings for January 26, 2011 pp. 2‐4 Henry Grady Declares a “New South” pp. 5‐11 Mike Trudics experiences the “New South” From William Loren Katz and Laurie R. Lehman, eds., The Cruel Years: American Voices at the Dawn of the Twentieth Century (Boston: Beacon Press, 2001). pp. 12‐14 Booker T. Washington presents his vision of black advancement in the New South pp. 15‐21 W.E.B. DuBois takes issue with Booker T. Washington’s plan
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Henry Grady Declares a “New South” In the aftermath of the Civil War, a number of prominent Southerners made the argument that a “New South” was developing, in which industrialization was beginning to replace the agricultural economy to the extent that it would soon challenge the industrial dominance of the North, and race relations were improving remarkably. No one boosted the New South more than Henry Grady, editor of the Atlanta Journal‐Constitution. Henry Grady to the Bay State Club of Boston, 1889: I attended a funeral once in Pickens county in my State. . . . they cut through solid marble to make his grave; and yet a little tombstone they put above him was from Vermont. They buried him in the heart of a pine forest, and yet the pine coffin was imported from Cincinnati. They buried him within touch of an iron mine, and yet the nails in his coffin and the iron in the shovel that dug his grave were imported from Pittsburg. They buried him by the side of the best sheep‐grazing country on the earth, and yet the wool in the coffin bands and the coffin bands themselves were brought from the North. The South didn’t furnish a thing on earth for that funeral but the corpse and the hole in the ground. There they put him away and the clods rattled down on his coffin, and they buried him in a New York coat and a Boston pair of shoes and a pair of breeches from Chicago and a shirt from Cincinnati, leaving him nothing to carry into the next world with him to remind him of the country in which he lived, and for which he fought for four years, but the chill of blood in his veins and the marrow in his bones. Now we have improved on that. We have got the biggest marble‐cutting establishment on earth within a hundred yards of that grave. We have got a half‐ dozen woolen mills right around it, and iron mines, and iron furnaces, and iron factories. We are coming to meet you. We are going to take a noble revenge, as my friend, Mr. Carnegie, said last night, by invading every inch of your territory with iron, as you invaded ours twenty‐nine years ago. To the New England Club in New York, 1886: We have fallen in love with work. We have restored comfort to homes from which culture and elegance never departed. We have let economy take root and spread among us as rank as the crabgrass which sprung from Sherman’s cavalry camps, until we are ready to lay odds on the Georgia Yankee as he manufactures relics of the battlefield in a one‐story shanty and squeezes pure olive oil out of his cotton seed, against any down‐easter that ever swapped wooden nutmegs for flannel sausage in the valleys of Vermont. Above all, we know that we have achieved in
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New South Readings for 1-26-11 - ,2011 pp.24 pp.511...

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