socy ch 3 - Sociology 100 Chapter 3 CULTURE AND SOCIETY -We...

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Sociology 100 – Chapter 3 CULTURE AND SOCIETY -We compare and contrast the main forms of society found in history, with the goal of closely relating 1) the different cultural values and products that human beings have developed and 2) the contrasting types of society in which such development occurred The Sociological Study of Culture -basis of anthropology, a science that studies cultural differences and similarities among the worlds many peoples. What is culture? Consists of the values of the members of a group hold, the language they speak, the symbols they revere, the norms they follow, and the material goods they create Values are abstract ideals Norms are principles or rules of social life that people are expected to observe Material goods – the physical objects that a society creates and that influence the ways people live Today material culture is rapidly becoming globalized, largely through modern information technology such as the computer and the Internet Many behaviors and habits – such as movements, gestures and expressions – are grounded in cultural norms. Culture and Society o A society is a system of interrelationships that connects individuals o Challenges for all cultures are to instill in people a willingness to conform. 1) Learn the norms of their culture starting from childhood, and parents play a key role. 2) Social control comes into play when a personal fails to conform adequately to a cultures norm. Social control often involves informal punishment. Culture and Change: A “cultural turn” in society Cultural turn – sociology’s recent emphasis on understanding the role of culture in daily life Our cultural tool kits include a variety of scripts that we can draw on – and even improvise on – to shape our beliefs, values, and actions. The more appropriate the script is to a particular set of circumstances, the more likely we will be to follow it and recall events that conform to it long after they have occurred. The Development of Human Culture -understanding how culture is related to the physical evolution of the human species can help us understand the central role of culture in shaping our lives Early Human Culture: Adaptation to Physical Environment Culture enabled early humans to compensate for their physical limitations
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Early humans were closely tied to their physical environment because they lacked the technological ability to modify their surroundings significantly Nature or Nurture? Because humans evolve as part of the world of nature, one would assume
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course SOCY 100 taught by Professor Laureau during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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socy ch 3 - Sociology 100 Chapter 3 CULTURE AND SOCIETY -We...

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