IDS exam 1

IDS exam 1 - Chinese exluscion act: (1882) this act...

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Chinese exluscion act: (1882) this act restricted Chinese immigrants from coming into the US. This was the first time race deteremined who could come into this country. Also, it displayed nativist feelings during this time. As gold became harder to find and competition increased, animosity to the Chinese and other foreigners increased. The Chinese Exclusion Act was the first significant restriction on free immigration in U.S. history. The Act excluded Chinese "skilled and unskilled laborers and Chinese employed in mining" from entering the country for ten years. Plessy v Fregoson: This was a court case in 1890s that described segratgation of public places “separate but equal” This court case started when a black man named Plessy refused to sit in the right cable car that was segregated by color of skin. When the case was take to court, Plessy was ruled wrong and segregation continued. This ruling is important because it promotoed incivil justices during the time of segregation and discrimination. The triangular fire: occrued on March of 1911. This event led to a need of progessivnes in factories and work area. During workhours, the business owners would lock the doors in order to control the breaks that people would have. However, a fire erupted during the work hours and people were unable to leave because the doors were lock. Consequently, 146 people died and there was a need to change the laws in the workplaces. Sherman Ant-Trust Act, 1890: The act, based on the constitutional power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce, declared illegal every contract, combination (in the form of trust or otherwise), or conspiracy in restraint of interstate and foreign trade. A fine of $5,000 and imprisonment for one year were set as the maximum penalties for violating the act. Significant because was the first Federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices. Pullman Strike, 1864: Pullman basically was in charge of rent and the jobs of all people. He started to fire people and had terrible working conditions. The workers then went on strike against Pullman. The leader of the strike was a man named Debs. Debs was arrested and the government ordered everyone back to work with the use of the Sherman Anti-trust Act. This was significant because it showed how the US government did not help the people. A man named William Bryan Jennings gave the Cross of Gold Speech in 1896. Its purpose was to give “free silver” to the US citizens. This would help raise inflation, which would lead to lower prices. People liked his speech and agreed with his beliefs. This was significant because it shows how the economy was in need of help and people made efforts to fix it. Homestead Act, 1862:
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course HIST 157 taught by Professor Smead during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

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IDS exam 1 - Chinese exluscion act: (1882) this act...

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