final class study guide

final class study guide - History 157 I. Final Exam Study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
History 157 Final Exam Study Guide I. Beginnings of the Cold War A. What does the “Cold War” mean? What does "containment" mean? “Containment” is a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate peacefully. The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies from the mid 1940s until the early 1990s. Throughout the period, the rivalry between the two superpowers was played out in multiple arenas: military coalitions; ideology, psychology, and espionage; military, industrial, and technological developments, including the space race; costly defense spending; a massive conventional and nuclear arms race; and many proxy wars. B. How and why does this “war” start? - An intense rivalry between communist and non-communist nations led to the start of the war. It was a war between ideologies. In 1945, just after WWII, the alliance between US, Britain, and the USSR ended. It was a clash between communism and capitalism. After the US dropped the bomb on Japan, the USSR was worried about their security, so they also began making bombs. C. What steps did the US take to ensure the stability of Western Europe in the late 1940s? What was the Marshall Plan? - To ensure stability, the US sent much aid to Europe, with their agreement to stay away from communism. - The Marshall Plan was a US program for rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Western Europe. It offered the same aid to the USSR, but they did not accept it. It falls under the containment strategy. It gave 18 billion dollars in aid to European countries that would resist communism. D. What was the Red Scare? What were HUAC and the Hollywood 10? - The red scare was after WWII when Americans were in fear of infiltration by communists. Many people were wrongfully imprisoned because they were suspected of being communist spies. - The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was an investigative committee in the US House of Representatives which was meant to look into suspected cases of disloyalty in the US. This attracted a lot of public attention. - Hollywood 10 was a list of people who were not employed by Hollywood because of real or suspected involvement in the Communist Party. E. What is McCarthyism and how did it affect society? Who was Alger Hiss? Who were the Rosenbergs and why are they significant? - McCarthyism is the politically motivated practice of making accusations of disloyalty without any evidence. This affected society, because during the red scare, accusations were taken very seriously. Because of this, anyone accused usually lost their jobs, and were sometimes
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
imprisoned. - Alger Hiss was a part of the US government and was accused of being a communist spy by
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/15/2011 for the course HIST 157 taught by Professor Smead during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

Page1 / 7

final class study guide - History 157 I. Final Exam Study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online