HIST157 EXAM II Study Guide I. Spanish American War & Imperialism A.American isolationism: Mckinley was a reluctant imperialist and therefore did not want to expand and create colonies for the United States empire. The United States expansion was driven by our industrial economy and ultimately goods needed to be shipped over seas for expansion.B.Causes of war: Cuba was a Spanish ruled colony by brutal Spanish overlords. The United States had been backing the Cuban people when they went against the Spanish. The U.S. gave moral support to the Cubans. Cuba had good raw materials and rich island. The United States had released provocative comments about the Spanish Rule, but Mckinley was reluctant about it because he was not imperialist. The Ambassador of Spain then said awful things about the U.S. (De Lome Letter). The United States was appalled. Then, the U.S.S Maine was blown up in Cuba, and it was blamed on the Spanish. The United States demanded an apology and said while you’re at it, liberate Cuba too. The U.S. backed Spain into a corner, they were pissed and then Spain declared was on the U.S. The war lasted 10 weeks. However, we were not ready to go to war because our army was out killing Indians in the west at the time. We had no plan, we were unorganized and we had no experience. The American Naval was able to seal off Cuba and prevent Spain from escaping, and then Spain surrendered. C.Results: Meanwhile, out in the Pacific, T.R. was ordering the navy to steam into the bay by the Philippines so we can relieve that territory ran by Spain. We won that also. The treaty of Paris emerged, the United States received Puerto Rico and a string of Islands across the Pacific and we annexed Hawaii (1898). The Teller Amendment also emerged which stated that we would not acquire Cuba as a colony; we just want to protect the Cuban people. Now we could control the trade over the Caribbean and protect our commercial and military power.D.Open Door Policy: the Open Door Notes lead to the Open Door Policy. The Open Door notes were intended to keep Europeans from fighting over everything. Let us not fight over the access, everyone should get a piece of the pie, our’s was Korea, cooperation happened.Roosevelt Corollary: Once we defeated the Spanish we wanted to declare ourselves the greatest police power. The U.S. claim the right to intervene with any nation in the western hemisphere to promote stability. We wanted a stabilized economy for business. Panama Canal: in the 19thcentury, Britain and France tried to build a canal through an open Isthmus but they both failed. People were dying from disease and the construction was not successful. The United States bought the plans for the Canal off the French, and congress voted to dig in Nicaragua. T.R. said no, we are going to dig through Columbia. The Columbian gov’t and T.R. began to
negotiate. T.R. decides to institute police officers and firemen who rise up in rebellion and decides to make a part of land designated to Panama. They fought for this land from Columbia, and the U.S. took Panama and made the deal with
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- Spring '07
- History, World War II