Jan 27 - HIV - HIV/AIDS: anoverview NURS 216 Spring 2010...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HIV/AIDS:  an overview NURS 216 Spring 2010 Sabra Smith, MS, RN
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sexual  practices , not  preferences place people at risk for HIV
Background image of page 2
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Causative factor is HIV – Human  Immunodeficiency Virus Two strains of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2 HIV-1 more common HIV is a retrovirus and mutates rapidly HIV causes immune system depletion  because it infects the immune system  directly
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History of HIV in the United States 1978 – first patients present with  signs/symptoms that will later be called AIDS By 1981, about 230 deaths in the U.S. from  AIDS symptoms – CMV, PCP, and Kaposi’s  sarcoma present Majority of initial deaths were in young gay men 1981-1984 – political resistance on many levels  slows the research and screening process to  identify the causative agent of AIDS and screen  the national blood supply
Background image of page 4
1987: U.S. death total at 16,000 first antiretroviral drug introduced 1990 – current: worldwide and U.S.  infection and death rates continue to  skyrocket 1995: HAART (highly active antiretroviral  therapy) introduced, which greatly extends  life expectancy and makes HIV  “manageable” 1995-current: HIV medications continue to  improve, incidence rates high in  young/middle aged and minorities
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
July 2008 e TOTAL 2.0 million [1.8 – 2.3 million] 0.8% [0.7% - 0.9%] 2.7 million [2.2 – 3.2 million] 33 million [30 – 36 million] Adult & child deaths due to AIDS Adult prevalence (15 49) [%] Adults & children newly infected with HIV Adults & children living with HIV The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries within which the actual numbers lie, based on the best available information. Regional HIV and AIDS statistics and features, 2007 North America Eastern Europe & Central Asia Latin America South and South-East Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Oceania Western & Central Europe Caribbean East Asia 23 000 [9100 – 55 000] 58 000 [41 000 – 88 000] 63 000 [49 000 – 98 000] 340 000 [230 000 – 450 000] 1.5 million [1.3 – 1.7 million] 110 000 [67 000 – 180 000] 0.6% [0.4% –
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 32

Jan 27 - HIV - HIV/AIDS: anoverview NURS 216 Spring 2010...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online