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CriticalThinkingN314 - Critical Thinking What is it...

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Unformatted text preview: Critical Thinking . . . What is it Critical Thinking . . . What is it good for? Nurs 314 Critical thinking . . . Critical thinking . . . Occurs within a context (i.e. nursing, driving, etc.) Is a “systematic way to form & shape one’s thinking” Is “purposeful and exact . . . disciplined, complete thought” (Paul, 1993) Critical Thinking: The necessary Critical Thinking: The necessary attitude Independent Thinker Fair­Minded Intellectually Humble Intellectually Courageous Curiosity Integrity Disciplined Creative Confident Critical Thinking Competencies Critical Thinking Competencies Interpretation: Sees patterns in data; able to organize data in applicable ways Analysis: examines data and situation from different angles; considers options for answer/needed action Competencies, cont. Competencies, cont. Inference: Sees relationships among results; appreciates overall significance and processes into usable solution Evaluation: Able to be objective in situations; uses specific criteria to determine whether results are as desired Competencies, cont. Competencies, cont. Explanation: Able to support findings and conclusions; uses experience and knowledge base to decide upon direction of actions Self­regulation: Adjusts own actions; reflects upon experiences to determine future approach How do you enhance your level of How do you enhance your level of these competencies? And the skills need to be developed within the context of nursing to work for you . . . First, Cognitive skills . . . First, Cognitive skills . . . Where do cognitive skills come from? Why do nurses need cognitive skills? How to develop cognitive skills in How to develop cognitive skills in nursing: Need adequate knowledge base . . . You’re just getting started . . . Always keep growing this! Watch out for thinking pitfalls Know when to seek help Learn to see alternatives Then, Technical Skills Then, Technical Skills The skillful use of equipment Manual Dexterity Ability to troubleshoot equipment quickly Ability to minimize others’ stress b/c of your skill level To develop technical skills . . . To develop technical skills . . . Prepare! Practice! before using equipment on client Observe! experienced HCPs; ask if you are not sure about best technique Interpersonal Skills Interpersonal Skills Ability to foster relationships Work toward achieving goals Provide affirmation Work with other HCPs to reach goals; also communicate client needs and best interests to others Gain rapport (sometimes VERY Quickly!) ALL AT ONCE! Developing Interpersonal Skills . . . Developing Interpersonal Skills . . . Promote dignity and respect Establish a caring relationship . . . Not a “dressing change in room 221” relationship Communicate while doing tasks Think about & practice conversations with those in other positions/relationships you will encounter One more skillset­Ethical and legal One more skillset­Ethical and legal Skills! Involves patient advocacy Acting in the interest of patient Meeting professional/legal responsibility Adhering to professional code of ethics Practice in a way that reduces litigation risk and repercussions What does this take? What does this take? Accountability Ensuring continuity of care Knowing your legal boundaries . . . Scope of practice! Knowing the patient’s rights Mindful documentation Owning your mistakes Reporting unethical and illegal behavior This will all come together to yield This will all come together to yield nursing thinking that is . . . . Clear Precise Accurate Anticipatory Specific Relevant Plausible Accountable Complete Logical Open­minded Truth­Seeking Mature Systematic Analytical Over time, honing these skills and with an Over time, honing these skills and with an open mind, can become a stronger critical thinker, a nurse who can fully comprehend and address your patient’s needs. You will feel this progress in stages . . . be patient but actively pursue it! ...
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